Mid-Year Review of the Consolidated Appeal for West Africa 2005
Since the launch of the Consolidated Appeal for 2005, a number of significant changes in the humanitarian environment have taken place and the overall humanitarian situation in West Africa has deteriorated considerably. The humanitarian community is witnessing a food crisis in Niger that requires immediate action as well as a protection crisis in Togo affecting both Benin and Ghana. The situation in Guinea Bissau as of early June is that of a structural emergency, with the risk of deteriorating into a humanitarian crisis given the tense political climate in the period leading to the presidential elections. Beyond preparedness measures, this situation calls for a comprehensive peace-building effort, with significant quick impact initiatives aiming at giving the populations a stake in the peace process. Furthermore, the ongoing “no-war-no-peace” situation in Côte d'Ivoire continues to affect the sub-region, with its impact on the economic and social fronts in neighbouring countries becoming increasingly obvious. Although renewed massacres have taken place in western Côte d'Ivoire in May and June, prospects are more encouraging than before for Ivorians and populations of neighbouring countries, considering ongoing efforts to encourage political actors to follow through on their commitments to peace including the disarmament process.
On a more positive note, although small infestations of locusts are present in northern Mali and probably in Burkina Faso, Guinea and the Air Mountains in Niger, they are not currently expected to pose a significant threat. The commitment of the European Union (EU), and intentions expressed by regional organisations and other partners, to send observers to the presidential elections in Guinea Bissau, some of them long-term observers, is also a positive step from recent developments in Togo where media reports and images of soldiers and other armed men raiding polling stations and seizing boxes of uncounted ballots were difficult to ignore and led the opposition to contest results.
In February and March 2005, the effects of the locust invasion, the drought, and the political developments in Guinea Bissau, Togo and Côte d'Ivoire led the participating humanitarian organisations in the Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) to review the situation and reconsider the most pressing humanitarian challenges. As a result, a revision was issued in March 2005 changing the global amount needed from US$ 152,280,099 to US$ 190,258,786, and focuses primarily on food insecurity, population movements, and the impact of sub regional instability. The Mid-Year Review (MYR) has therefore mainly focused on developments during the second quarter of 2005.
The revisions that have taken place within the context of the MYR are primarily related to the situation in: 1) countries currently affected by drought and the locust invasion of 2004, i.e. Niger, Mali, Mauritania and Burkina Faso; 2) Togo and neighbouring Ghana and Benin; and, 3) Guinea Bissau. As such, the review of the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) and the strategic priorities has led to a revision of the Consolidated Appeal (CA) to US$ 195,988,702 for the year 2005.With the donor response standing at 38% as of 10 June 2005, unmet requirements for the remainder of 2005 total US$ 121.3 million.