Niger 2005 Flash Appeal

18 May 2005

The crisis

Nutritional surveys[1]and food security data[2]are showing a critical situation in vulnerable areas of Niger (Tillabéri, Tahoua, Maradi, Diffa, Agadez, Zinder) affected by the 2004 desert locust infestation and drought. These two combined hazards had a strong negative impact on both pasture and cereal production, bringing the already impoverished population to critical levels of food insecurity and high rates of malnutrition for children under five. 

3.6 million of Niger’s 12 million inhabitants have been directly affected by this food crisis. 800,000 children under-five are suffering from hunger, including 150,000 who are currently showing signs of severe malnutrition. This estimate from a joint FAO/CILSS/FEWSNET/WFP mission has been validated by the national Early Warning System (EWS), under the Prime Minister’s cabinet. 

The resources of the national crisis mitigation mechanism (DNPGCA) were completely depleted to address the current food crisis since its onset.  However, this has been insufficient to address the country’s needs and it is therefore necessary to mobilise more resources to cover the upcoming lean season (April-September).  Furthermore, Niger could face an even more critical food crisis should the 2005 agricultural campaign be affected again by a new drought spell and/or locust invasion.
 

Priority needs and humanitarian response plan
 

  1. Recuperate malnourished children under five and pregnant and lactating women through therapeutic and supplementary feeding. 
  2. Increase food availability and accessibility at community-level, through subsidised sales, food-for-work activities, cash-for-work, food-for-training, and support to cereal banks. 
  3. Support existing health services to prevent water-borne diseases in affected areas. 
  4. Ensure livestock survival through the distribution of fodder. 
  5. Increase seed availability and accessibility at community-level through the distribution of cereal and pulse seeds. 
  6. Reduce migration flows by providing food assistance and creating favourable conditions for the 2005 agricultural campaign.


Amount requested through this Flash appeal:  US$ 16,191,000

Period covered by the Flash appeal:
the lean season (until the end of September 2005)



[1]WFP/Helen Keller International – January 2005, Médecins sans frontières/France – April 2005.

[2]Early Warning System; Ministry of Agricultural Development, CILSS Conference, Bamako, November 2004.
 

Document History

18 May 2005

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