Revision Niger 2005 Flash Appeal
The Revised Flash Appeal aims to address the needs of an estimated 32,000 severely malnourished children, 160,000 moderately malnourished children, and 2.5 million of the most vulnerable people who will be provided with food aid, including 261,360 pregnant and lactating women in the most critical areas. Increased requirements are due to the incorporation of activities to reinforce efforts in water and sanitation, primary health care, protection of livestock and the provision of seeds as well as higher delivery costs that have been multiplied seven-fold, in some cases, to airlift and immediately deliver relief supplies. The overall revised requirements in the Revised Flash Appeal amount to US$ 80,942,986. Against this, US$ 25,418,825has already been contributed or committed, leaving a new shortfall of US$ 55,524,161.
In May 2005 the United Nations Country Team in Niger launched a Flash Appeal for US$ 16,191,000 to address the then “looming food crisis” during the lean season from May to September 2005. This appeal focused on support to the authorities in their efforts to distribute subsidized cereals and fodder. The slow and meagre initial response to the Appeal, however, resulted in the deterioration of the situation, leading to higher-than-usual malnutrition and mortality rates, and prolonging the projected duration and impact of the crisis beyond the current lean season into the harvest and post-harvest period. As mentioned in a recent report, there has also been some “divergence of views among international actors on the magnitude and intensity of the crisis”. This has also delayed the formulation of an adequate response strategy beyond food subsidies. This analysis will also inform ongoing efforts to survey and monitor the food security situation in the West Africa region as a basis for a plan of action for other countries in the Sahel affected by circumstances similar to Niger. The current food security crisis is further compounded by poor water, sanitation and health conditions that need to be addressed in tandem with food aid. Consequently, the Country Team has decided to revise the requirements of the Flash Appeal, expanding the scope and level of activities to address both immediate and medium-term requirements for an extended period up till December 2005.
The strategy for the upcoming months will be to:
- Save lives;
- Reduce vulnerability in the immediate term;
- Enhance coping mechanisms in the medium term.
The activities in this appeal will be carried out in close collaboration with the Government of Niger (GoN), national and international non-governmental organisations, and the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and will complement development programmes already undertaken by the United Nations system. The UN System and the Government will ensure that they jointly plan and implement recovery activities for the medium and longer-term response efforts during the relief phase. As further assessments are undertaken and more accurate information is obtained and analysed, including the results of the upcoming harvest, the Flash Appeal may be revised accordingly.
HPG Briefing Note – August 2005.