Programme Highlights—South Sudan

Situation Analysis

Over 110,000 people were displaced across four states in southern Sudan following outbreaks of violence in the contested border region of Abyei in May. Although humanitarian organizations were quick to respond, using food and supplies from core UN agencies’ life-saving pipelines, CERF was critical in ensuring sustained multi-sectoral support for the most vulnerable people; CERF allocated $11.3 million to four UN agencies and IOM.

Soon after South Sudan celebrated its status as a newly independent country in July, the disputed border area with Sudan became a gateway for thousands of refugees from the north. The humanitarian situation in South Sudan grew increasingly precarious during the year as insecurity increased, particularly along the border. Despite preparations, the capacities of humanitarian actors were overstretched by the high influx of more than 300,000 returnees, the rising number of IDPs, and increased operational costs resulting from the contraction of humanitarian access and shortages of basic commodities in the local market. Most southerners returned to communities with limited services, placing pressure on local resources. Humanitarian partners required additional support to meet the mounting needs. In response, an underfunded grant of $11.4 million was disbursed in the third quarter of 2011 to IOM, UNICEF and UNHCR. 

Programme Highlights

  • CERF grants to South Sudan totalled more than $22.7 million in 2011, from which 1.6 million people benefited, including 654,000 children under the age of 5.
     
  • CERF-supported projects enabled UNHCR to construct 3,600 shelters designed according to local traditions and practices, providing protection to 20,000 of the most vulnerable people.
     
  • CERF funds supported immediate access to basic services for returnees. UNHCR implemented 91 Quick Impact Projects in 5 states, benefiting more than 20,000 people in recipient communities. UNHCR also managed six of the nine Way Stations in South Sudan, which accommodated on average 1,000 returnees monthly.
     
  • CERF-supported IOM projects helped monitor 110,000 spontaneous returnees, transported 10,000 vulnerable IDPs, and provided non-food items and shelter kits to 2,000 people.
     
  • IOM projects funded by CERF ensured the rehabilitation or development of three Way Stations and one transit site for returnees, with clean water, sanitation facilities and health assistance.
     
  • CERF funds enabled UNHCR to deploy emergency protection teams to monitor and ensure assistance for 65,000 of the most vulnerable people.
     
  • UNICEF projects provided 181,000 people, including 12,900 children under age 5, with safe water and new sanitation facilities by repairing boreholes, transporting water, distributing chlorine tablets, constructing latrines, and promoting hygiene through radio messages and other channels.
     
  • WHO-funded projects helped reduce death and illness through fixed and mobile health care services. A measles vaccination campaign covering 625,000 children in IDP settlements and host communities was also conducted. Existing disease surveillance in IDP camps was strengthened to detect, respond to, and contain outbreaks.
     
  • CERF funds enabled WFP to purchase and distribute food to 120,000 displaced and vulnerable people following widespread displacements from Abyei.

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Programme Highlights

A woman holds her four-month-old daughter, Catherine Rebecca, in El Shabbah Childrens Hospital in Juba, capital of Southern Sudan.© Mia Farrow/UNICEF/NYHQ20110468

"The CERF allocation enabled the provision of food, non-food items and emergency shelter, water and sanitation, health care and livelihoods support to benefit over 110,000 IDPs who had spread across 20 villages in four states of South Sudan and their host communities… The CERF allocation ensured that the increased food requirements of the displaced and vulnerable people from the Abyei area were met without causing a rupture in the food pipeline of the Sudan and South Sudan joint emergency operation. The provision of livelihoods support further helped protect the food security of vulnerable households, allowing for agricultural production activities."

 

- Humanitarian Coordinator for South Sudan, Lisa Grande

 

A bowl and other abandoned items are on the ground near empty dwellings in the town of Abyei in Southern Sudan. Many of the Abyeis residents have abandoned their homes and fled the area with their children, following recent clashes. © Veronique de Viguerie/UNICEF/NYHQ20110459