A year ago, on 15 October 2013, a deadly earthquake struck the island province of Bohol in the Philippines. With quick support from the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), the World Health Organization (WHO) got to work immediately to restore a shattered health system.
18 November 2013: On 8 November Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) hit the Philippines. The humanitarian situation in the areas devastated by the typhoon is catastrophic. An estimated 13 million people have been affected, including 5 million children. Close to 2 million people have been displaced and are now in dire need of humanitarian assistance.
In response, the United Nations Emergency Relief Coordinator, Valerie Amos, released US$25 million to seven United Nations agencies and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) on 11 November.
11 November 2013: On 8 November, Typhoon Haiyan made landfall in the Philippines, devastating portions of 36 provinces. More than 11 million people were directly affected by the extreme winds and flooding, including an estimated 673,000 people left without shelter.
14 November 2013: On 15 October, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake hit Bohol province in the Central Visayas region of the Philippines. Numerous buildings, roads and bridges were heavily damaged or destroyed, while 218 people were killed and another 768 injured. Eight people remain missing.
According to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council of the Philippines, 47 municipalities and one city in Bohol have been affected by the earthquake and subsequent aftershocks. More than 1.2 million people have been evacuated.
10 October 2013: Since early September, fighting between the Moro National Liberation Front and the Armed Forces of the Philippines has claimed the lives of at least 130 people and destroyed more than 10,000 houses in the Santa Catalina district of Zamboanga City.
An estimated 170,000 Filipinos have been affected in the two districts Zamboanga and Basilan, including 131,400 internally displaced persons (IDPs). The sudden wave of new IDPs poses a devastating challenge to a country that is already burdened by chronic poverty.