Chad 2010

CERF allocates $2.7 million for meningitis and measles outbreak in Chad

1 April 2010: CERF has allocated $2.7 million in response to meningitis and measles outbreak in Chad.

Close to $1.9 million will go to the World Health Organization (WHO) and $847,000 to the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) for meningitis vaccination campaigns for 627,000 individuals from 2 to 30 years of age and measles vaccination campaigns for 966,000 individuals from 6 months to 15 years of age.

In the recent past, Chad has faced recurrent annual outbreaks of meningitis and measles with increasing severity. In 2010, the country is yet facing another wave of meningococcal epidemic in the south and an outbreak of measles in the west, center and in N’djamena. 

Supplementary funding is needed to strengthen and complete the ongoing response to the epidemic in three districts (Doba, Goundi and Dono-Manga) and commence vaccinations in neighbouring districts (Koumra, Lai, Bere and Am Timan) for a total of 627,000 people.

[Last updated: 8 April 2010]

CERF allocates some $3.8 million for humanitarian aid in Chad

22 January 2010: CERF has allocated over $3.8 million to humanitarian agencies in Chad.  The World Food Programme (WFP) will receive $2.2 million to provide nutrition and health service for 34,400 children under 5 years and 19,500 pregnant and lactating women, and 3,500 care takers of children admitted to therapeutic feeding centers.  $856,000 has been allocated to the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) for health and nutrition projects that will benefit 10,800 severely malnourished children. 

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has been allocated $492,000 for emergency supply of animal feed to approximately 4,550 vulnerable pastoralist households affected by drought in Bahr El Gazal region.  $282,000 will go to the World Health Organization (WHO) to improve nutrition surveillance and case management of medical complications of severe under-nutrition in health facilities for approximately 5,450 acutely malnourished under five children. 

Chad is among the least-developed, low-income and food deficient countries. The country ranked 170th out of 177 in the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 2008 Human Development Index. Some 80 percent of the population depends on subsistence farming and herding. About 60 percent of the rural population lives in very vulnerable areas and in very critical conditions, especially in the sahelian part of the country.

Since 2003 political instability and fragile security conditions within the country and neighbouring countries have adversely affected the humanitarian situation in Chad.

[last update: 26 January 2010]

CERF in Action - Rapid Response

CERF allocates $3 milion to Chad for its second underfunded programmes

2 September 2010: CERF allocates $8 million for assistance to refugees and IDPs in Chad.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) will use $2.5 million for Sudanese refugees and IDPs in east Chad. Some $2 million will go to the United Nations Childrens’ Fund (UNICEF) for water, sanitation, and hygiene programme (WASH) for affected population, for nutrition support to vulnerable children, and for education support for IDP children. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) will use $1.1 million to support the “off season” agricultural campaign to improve the food security for vulnerable households.

The World Food Programme (WFP) has been allocated $950,000 for food assistance to refugees and IDPs in eastern Chad. Some $595,000 will go to the World Health Organization (WHO) to improve delivery and access to primary health care services in health facilities for children under 5. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) will use $400,000 to reduce excess morbidity and mortality related to reproductive health in the affected population. Finally, some $398,000 has been allocated to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) for prevention of HIV/AIDS spread in the eastern and southern regions of Chad and in the Sahel belt.

The humanitarian situation in Chad has in recent years been characterized by long-standing displacements crises in the east and south of the country where Chad hosts refugees from Sudan's Darfur region as well as from the Central African Republic (CAR). In addition, there are internally displaced people (IDPs) who had fled their villages following attacks by armed militias, Chadian rebels or inter-ethnic violence.

The internally displaced Chadians are mainly in the Ouadadai and Sila regions, their displacement is linked to inter-community conflicts in 2005-2007. Today, some 255,000 Sudanese refugees are living in 12 refugee camps in eastern Chad and 62,019 Central African refugees are living in 11 camps in southern Chad.  The displacement crisis has led to additional pressure on already scarce natural resources in eastern Chad, leading at times to tensions between refugees, IDPs and host communities.

During the first half of 2010, in addition to existing displacement, malnutrition and food insecurity in the west and the centre of the country became a serious problem. In addition, the departure of the United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) is imminent with the mission's mandate expiring at the end of the year.  The new crisis in western and central Chad requires a major expansion of the humanitarian response.  It is a severe and large-scale crisis comprising malnutrition, food insecurity and other effects of drought which will require life-saving aid for an additional 1.6 million people.  The crisis affects the Sahel belt, specifically in Kanem, Bahr El Gazal, Guera and Batha regions in western and central Chad.  A total of 50,000 children are suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM).  This is half of the nationwide total of 102,000 children suffering
from SAM. 

[Last updated: 10 November 2010]


CERF allocates $7 million to Chad for its underfunded programmes

17 March 2010: CERF has allocated $7 million to Chad for its underfunded humanitarian programmess that will benefit approximately 800,000 people in total.

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) will receive close to $2 million for nutrition support for children and pregnant and lactating women in IDP and host communities, water and sanitation programmes for 60,000 IDPs, and protection of vulnerable children within IDP and host communities.  Some $1.9 million will go to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) for the protection of an estimated 37,000 IDPs and multi-sector assistance such as health care, portable water, and sanitation facilities for the refugees. 

The World Food Programme (WFP) has been allocated $1.5 million for food distribution, food-for-work and food-for-training programmes, nutrition programmes for children, mothers, and vulnerable populations, and HIV/AIDS treatment to 10,250 affected refugees and host population.  The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) will receive $1 million to support 33,000 farmers by supplying agricultural and pastoral inputs (seeds, animal feeds) and restocking small ruminants in some of the food insecure regions. 

Some $450,000 will go to the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) for emergency reproductive health services and prevention of gender based violence.  Another $150,000 will go to the World Health Organization (WHO) to reduce mortality and morbidity among people affected by epidemic outbreaks in eastern and southern Chad.  Finally, $100,000 has been allocated to the Joint United Nations Programmes on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) to provide technical support to implement HIV response in eastern and southern Chad.

The humanitarian situation in Chad is still characterized by the presence of Sudanese and CAR refugees, internally displaced persons, with no significant changes in the numbers and locations of populations of concern.  Nearly 170,000 people are still displaced and some 150,000 people in host communities are also bearing the burden of insecurity and displacement. 

The implementation of relief activities is continuously hampered by the spill over from the conflicts in Darfur and CAR, armed opposition to the Chadian Government, and tensions within Chad mostly over access to land and natural resources.

The food security situation in country is especially critical due to the bad agricultural campaign that resulted in a 34% decrease of agricultural production compared to last year. Furthermore, high malnutrition rates between (20 and 29% of GAM) have been recorded in several parts of the country.  An estimated 2 million people are at risk of food insecurity.

[Last updated: 5 April 2010]

CERF in Action - Underfunded Emergencies