Chad 2011

CERF provides $4 million to support unprecedented cholera outbreak in Chad

7 October 2011: The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided $4 million in life-saving funds towards reducing deaths and illness associated with cholera in Chad.  Since January 2011, 13,804 cholera cases have been reported in the country.

The  United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) received $2.3 million and the World Health Organization (WHO) received a further $1.8 million to reinforce emergency rapid response to the cholera outbreak. With CERF funds, more than 7 million individuals, or 70,000 households, will benefit in the geographic area of targeted implementation.

Since January 2011, Chad has registered more than 13,000 new cholera cases with 389 deaths reported in 36 of the country’s 61 health districts.  The persistence of cholera cases during the dry season indicates that cholera is now present in an endemic form in some regions of Chad, as confirmed by epidemiological studies conducted by international NGOs in 2010, and by UNICEF in August 2011.

As cholera cases have been reported in Niger, Nigeria, Cameroun and Chad, the current cholera outbreak in Chad is considered a regional public health issue requiring coordinated surveillance and response among these four countries. The current epidemiological profile and projections show that the scale of the 2011 cholera epidemic in Chad will be unprecedented in the country.

In response, UNICEF has already initiated partnerships with local NGOs, the Chadian Red Cross and international NGOs to implement sanitation and awareness-raising activities in communities at risk. In addition, UNICEF provides water and sanitation materials and health kits to the Ministry of health on a regular basis.  These ongoing activities will be strengthened and new activities will be implemented in partnership with national authorities.

The World Health Organization project will be implemented in partnership with the Ministry of Health, local communities and in close collaboration with NGOs involved in cholera case management. The project will strengthen the on-going emergency response, extended case management activities to all affected districts and will focus on underserved health districts.

CERF provides $3.3 million for cholera response in Chad

14 July 2011: Some $3.3 million was made available from the CERF in July in response to a cholera outbreak threatening five million people in southern and western parts of Chad. Nearly 6,000 people were infected by the disease in early July, which causes severe diarrhoea and vomiting, leading to death in many cases if not detected and treated.  

The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) received $2.5 million and the World Health Organization (WHO) a further $730,000 to respond to the cholera outbreak and prevent it from worsening. Local NGOs and the Chadian Red Cross were engaged as implementing partners and support was provided to the Chadian Ministry of Health. The CERF enabled life-threatening cholera cases to be treated by supplying essential medicines and training for health workers. CERF funding allowed improvements to be made to water supplies and basic sanitation at the community level to prevent the spread of the disease. Local radio was used to make the local population fully aware of the cholera threat and communicate methods for preventing its spread. Assistance was also given to the Ministry of Health to improve its disease surveillance and detection capability, which will have a lasting positive impact in Chad.

CERF allocates $3.2 million in response to meningitis and measles outbreaks in Chad

7 April 2011: In response to the outbreak of meningitis and measles in the south and east of the country, CERF has allocated some $3.2 million for humanitarian response in Chad.
The World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) will receive some $1.6 million, some $1.4 million and some $200,000 respectively for emergency rapid response to meningitis and measles outbreaks.
In the recent past, Chad has faced recurrent, annual outbreaks of meningitis and measles with increasingly severity. In 2011, the country is facing yet another meningococcal epidemic in the south and an outbreak of measles in the south and east.
The meningitis outbreak started in January 2011 and has claimed 74 lives countrywide with over 1,200 cases reported. Although meningitis vaccination campaigns are underway in some areas, more resources are needed to complete the ongoing campaigns and start new ones in affected areas.
As of 6 March 2011, the measles outbreak has killed 9 and over 1,500 cases have been reported. The outbreak began just over two months ago, and eight districts have reached the epidemic threshold. Measles vaccination campaigns have begun in two districts, but supplementary funding is needed to complete ongoing campaigns and to re-enforce case management and laboratory analysis.

CERF in Action - Rapid Response

Underfunded Emergencies