The humanitarian situation in Uganda has improved significantly since the Government and the Lord’s Resistance Army signed a cease-fire agreement in 2006. International humanitarian agencies have scaled down their activities, but residual humanitarian needs remain. These are largely related to food insecurity and difficulties faced by returnees (poor basic services, land conflicts and limited support for rebuilding livelihoods). Insecurity in neighbouring countries, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo and South Sudan, has led to an increase of refugees to Uganda.
Given the gradual transition to more development-centred work in Uganda, donors have shown little interest in funding humanitarian activities. For example, UN agencies reported that humanitarian priorities are only 42 per cent covered.
In January 2014, CERF allocated US$4 million from its Underfunded Emergencies window to help humanitarian partners sustain emergency aid operations in Uganda and in February 2014 the country received a rapid response grant of close to $7 million in response to the needs of South Sudanese refugees in the country.