5 June 2013: The ongoing armed and political conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR) has caused a major humanitarian crisis in the region, affecting an estimated 4.5 million people. Frequent attacks on civilians have forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes to neighbouring countries. Some 37,000 people have fled to the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) via 26 entry points along the countries’ shared border.
Some refugees have sought shelter with host families in the DRC, while others have found refuge in public buildings. A third group of refugees remains without proper shelter and basic household items, such as sleeping mats, blankets, kitchen sets, soap and similar essential items, leaving them extremely vulnerable and in urgent need of assistance.
With 300 refugees crossing into the DRC on a daily basis, the refugee population will soon reach 50,000 people. In response to the escalating humanitarian crisis in the DRC, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a rapid response grant of US$8,057,273 to five UN agencies.
With an allocation of $5,360,068, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) will primarily provide protection to vulnerable children and women. The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has received $649,412 to provide education and nutrition assistance. The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has received $250,748 to improve reproductive health facilities in order to reduce mortality and morbidity. The World Food Programme (WFP) has received $1,293,324 to provide food assistance. The World Health Organization (WHO) will use its allocation of $503,721 to improve access to health services to stem the frequent outbreaks of cholera and measles.
The allocations are expected to benefit 36,000 people.