5 April 2013: The complex emergency that started in Mali in early 2012 has left the population food insecure and vulnerable to malnutrition, security threats and diseases. An estimated 430,000 Malians have fled their homes since the conflict began in January 2012. Of these people, 260,000 are internally displaced and 170,000 have fled to neighbouring countries.
Since 9 January 2013, suicide attacks, mine incidents and gun battles in the north have had significant political, security and humanitarian consequences, exacerbating the number of fleeing Malians: at least 47,000 people have fled northern Mali and the Mopti region since the beginning of January.
Due to the conflict’s recent escalation, the volatile security conditions have deteriorated, particularly in the north. Local people and humanitarian partners are exposed to grave security threats. Transport and commerce have also been restricted in the north, leading to increased prices for food and essential items.
In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a rapid response grant of US$16,273,966 to nine United Nations agencies to assist the acute humanitarian needs caused by the multi-faceted crisis.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM) have received $1,630,997 and $415,031 respectively, to strengthen protection activities jointly.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Women (UN Women) and UNHCR will work together to help prevent gender-based violence for some 100,000 internally displaced persons. To assist with protection support and gender-based violence mitigation, UNFPA received $274,388 and UN Women received $153,652.
The United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) received $5,118,903 to protect children exposed to child recruitment and sexual violence. The United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) will strengthen mine-action activities and adapt logistics strategies to current security constraints with an allocation of $1,034,733. The World Health Organization (WHO) received $668,028 to fight diarrhoeal diseases by providing water, sanitation and hygiene facilities.
Through an allocation of $1,385,519, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) will provide agricultural support to 39,000 vulnerable people. The World Food Programme (WFP) received $5,592,715 to provide food assistance to some 67,000 people.
The allocations are expected to benefit 2.5 million people.