24 January 2013: From July to October 2012, Nigeria experienced its worst flooding in more than 40 years. Heavy rainfalls coupled with overflowing rivers and dams have created a devastating humanitarian crisis. 33 out of 36 states in Nigeria have been affected, out of which 14 states have been considered severely affected.
Estimated 7 million people have been affected by the floods. More than 618,000 houses have been damaged or destroyed resulting in internal displacement of 2,157,419 million people. 363 people have been reported dead.
A large part of the flood-affected people are children under the age 5, pregnant women and breast-feeding mothers, whom are left vulnerable and exposed. Other major concerns relate to limited supply of non-food items, lack of access to safe water and sanitation facilities, and health related issues.
In response, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a rapid response grant of $6,431,433 to five UN agencies.
The UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) has received $2,966,675 to ensure the availability of safe drinking water. UNICEF will also provide sanitation facilities and promote proper hygiene practices. Through an allocation of $719,489, the World Health Organization (WHO) will restore basic health services to prevent disease outbreaks and mortality. The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) has received $331,136 to ensure timely deployment of supplies of health care kits, among others. With an allocation of $1,418,753, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) will establish healthy living conditions to the most vulnerable internally displaced people. By enabling the flood-affected people to rehabilitate and re-engage in fisheries, the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) seeks to mitigate potential long-term impacts from the floods.
It is expected that the allocation will benefit 500,000 people.