29 April 2013: Since June 2012, an inter-communal conflict has taken place in Rakhine state in Myanmar, causing the internal displacement of some 140,000 people. The internally displaced persons (IDPs) live in IDP camps across the nine townships (Kyauktaw, Kyauk Phyu, Minbya, Mrauk-U, Myebon, Pauktaw, Ramree, Rathedaung and Sittwe) in Rakhine state.
With the monsoon season fast approaching, the Government predicted that heavy rains and accompanying localized flooding will affect at least 13 IDP camps, endangering the lives of an estimated 69,000 IDPs. Rakhine’s pre-existing challenges, coupled with the expected flooding, require immediate response to minimize the risk of the rapid deterioration of shelter, sanitation and health conditions and to address the increased risk of water-borne diseases in the flood-prone camps.
The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided a Rapid Response grant of US$4,999,616 to four UN agencies to help an estimated 69,000 people.
With an allocation of $2,199,064, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) will provide emergency health care, including essential medicines for emergency care and treatment of water- and vector-borne diseases. UNICEF will also facilitate disease surveillance to detect and address disease outbreaks.
In addition to providing emergency health care, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) has received $150,099 to strengthen health services through the support of mobile teams and referral services for critically ill patients and pregnant women.
The World Health Organization (WHO) will address the major health risk factors related to the rainy season through an allocation of $150,453. WHO particularly aims at reducing morbidity, mortality and general suffering.
An allocation of $2,500,000 will enable the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to provide elevated emergency shelters and kitchen areas before the rainy season arrives.