Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination

Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Emergencies: Towards a Predictable Model

United Nations Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination (UN-CMCoord)

facilitates dialogue and interaction between civilian and military actors, essential to protect and promote humanitarian principles, avoid competition, minimize inconsistency and, when appropriate, pursue common goals. UN-CMCoord is a framework that enhances a broad understanding of humanitarian action and guides political and military actors on how best to support that action. It helps to develop context-specific policy based on internationally agreed guidelines, and it establishes humanitarian civil-military coordination structures, ensuring staff members are trained to make that coordination work.

 
Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific
 
A multi-stakeholder Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific was formed in 2014 to act as a regional forum that brings together the humanitarian, civilian and military actors involved in disaster response preparedness planning and disaster response in the region. As outlined in the RCG Terms of Reference, the RCG was formed to :

a) discuss response preparedness planning, with a focus on coordination of operational planning between civilian and military actors;

b) facilitate exchange of information and innovative ideas to enable well-coordinated and needs-based effective disaster response to a broad range of humanitarian emergency operations;

c) strengthen linkages with other relevant forums with an emphasis on the relationship with Regional Organizations and the Global Consultative Group on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination. 

The Third Session of the Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific will take place on 5-6 December in Singapore.

During the RCG mid-term consultation (June 2017), RCG members discussed that the RCG Third Session will focus on the following themes:

  • RCG country-specific work plans on disaster response preparedness: This session will provide an update on progress made by each of the RCG priority countries;
  • Coordination Architecture in Disaster Response: This session will focus on predictable and effective disaster response operations by raising awareness of the coordination platforms activated during disaster response and discussing how to create/strengthen linkages among them;
  • Lessons Learned from Simulation Exercises: During this session, RCG members will share lessons learned from recent simulation exercises to: a) identify key lessons learned that are applicable to RCG Work Plans in each of the five priority countries and: b) determine how these lessons can be incorporated into future civil-military coordination exercises;
  • RCG Logistic Working Group (RCG-LWG): This session will build on the outcomes of the RCG-LWG meetings held during 2017;
  • Regional Policy Updates on UN-CMCoord: Building upon the success of the RCG publication (Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Emergencies: Towards a Predictable Model), this session will explore what additional policy developments in humanitarian civil-military coordination are needed at regional level;
  • Humanitarian Technology: This session will focus on the importance and utility of technology to improve humanitarian assistance and disaster relief; plenary discussions on humanitarian technology (HUMTECH) and informatics will be facilitated by subject matter experts from civil society, government and the private sector (e.g. technology and social media firms).

For further information and to receive an invitation for the RCG Third Session, please send an email to the RCG Secretariat at rcgpolicy@gmail.com.

 
Asia Pacific Regional Guidelines for the Use of Foreign Military Assets in Natural Disaster Response Operations

Following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami and the adoption of the Hyogo Framework for Action, new and more robust legislation governing how countries respond to disasters within their borders was established in the Asia-Pacific region. A series of conferences on the Asia-Pacific Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations (APC-MADRO) led to the development of the Asia Pacific Regional Guidelines for the Use of Foreign Military Assets in Natural Disaster Response Operations. The key purpose of these guidelines is to assist the planning of foreign military assistance in support of disaster response operations in the Asia-Pacific region. The guidelines were endorsed at the beginning of 2014 and translated into a key advocacy tool for OCHA ROAP to advocate for the recognition of a single set of regional humanitarian civil-military guidance. At the same time, the guidelines represent a benchmark to facilitate the harmonization of civil-military coordination guidance, which is being developed by a number of regional actors.

 

Resources

APC Madro Guidelines CMCoord Handbook RCG First Session Final Report RCG First Session Final Report
APC Madro
Guidlines
UN-CMCoord
infographic
Regional
Engagement
APC Madro
Guidelines
Snapshot
CMCoord Field
Handbook V1.0
RCG First Session
Final Report
RCG Second Session
Final Report