Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination

Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Emergencies: Towards a Predictable Model

Asia and the Pacific is the most disaster-prone region in the world, experiencing both recurrent small and medium-scale events as well as devastating large-scale natural disasters. At the same time, there were 129 active conflicts in 2013 in the region, accounting for nearly one third of the world’s conflicts – the highest of any single region. Factors such as climate change, urbanization, poverty and competition over natural resources, continue to create vulnerability and exacerbate tensions across the region.

United Nations Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination (UN-CMCoord)

facilitates dialogue and interaction between civilian and military actors, essential to protect and promote humanitarian principles, avoid competition, minimize inconsistency and, when appropriate, pursue common goals. UN-CMCoord is a framework that enhances a broad understanding of humanitarian action and guides political and military actors on how best to support that action. It helps to develop context-specific policy based on internationally agreed guidelines, and it establishes humanitarian civil-military coordination structures, ensuring staff members are trained to make that coordination work.

United Nations Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination (UN-CMCoord) course for the Asia region

The United Nations Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination (UN-CMCoord) course for the Asia region will be held in Colombo, Sri Lanka, from 29 October to 3 November. United States Pacific Command (US PACOM), J9, Pacific Outreach Directorate, will generously host the event in partnership with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and the US Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance (CFE-DM). This UN-CMCoord course aims to promote appropriate and effective humanitarian civil-military interactions in humanitarian emergencies through bolstered knowledge of and adherence to UN-CMCoord standards and principles. This includes the use of assets to better support the humanitarian community in providing emergency services to people-in-need. For further information about the course, please see the UM-CMCoord Course Invitation Letter  and the UN-CMCoord Course Objectives.


Asia Pacific Regional Guidelines for the Use of Foreign Military Assets in Natural Disaster Response Operations

Following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami and the adoption of the Hyogo Framework for Action, new and more robust legislation governing how countries respond to disasters within their borders was established in the Asia-Pacific region. A series of conferences on the Asia-Pacific Military Assistance to Disaster Relief Operations (APC-MADRO) led to the development of the Asia Pacific Regional Guidelines for the Use of Foreign Military Assets in Natural Disaster Response Operations. The key purpose of these guidelines is to assist the planning of foreign military assistance in support of disaster response operations in the Asia-Pacific region. The guidelines were endorsed at the beginning of 2014 and translated into a key advocacy tool for OCHA ROAP to advocate for the recognition of a single set of regional humanitarian civil-military guidance. At the same time, the guidelines represent a benchmark to facilitate the harmonization of civil-military coordination guidance, which is being developed by a number of regional actors.

 
Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific 
 
A multi-stakeholder Regional Consultative Group (RCG) on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination for Asia and the Pacific was formed in 2014 to act as a regional forum that brings together the humanitarian, civilian and military actors involved in disaster response preparedness planning and disaster response in the region. As outlined in the RCG Terms of Reference, the RCG was formed to : 
 
a) discuss response preparedness planning, with a focus on coordination of operational planning between civilian and military actors;
b) facilitate exchange of information and innovative ideas to enable well-coordinated and needs-based effective disaster response to a broad range of humanitarian emergency operations; 
c) strengthen linkages with other relevant forums with an emphasis on the relationship with Regional Organizations and the Global Consultative Group on Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination. 
 
Regional civil-military coordination workshop on 16-17 October 2014, in Bangkok
 
The First Session of the Regional Consultative Group (RCG) took place on 3-4 December 2015.  The Second Session of the Regional Consultative Group (RCG) took place on 11-12 October 2016 at the United Nations Building, Rajadamnern Avenue, Bangkok, Thailand and resulted in a number of key outcomes, summarised in the report available in the Resource section. For more information about the event and the registration process,  kindly contact Ms. Viviana De Annuntiis at the following: telephone number: +66 (0) 2288 2513 or email: deannuntiis@un.org.

 

Resources

APC Madro Guidelines CMCoord Handbook RCG First Session Final Report
APC Madro
Guidlines
UN-CMCoord
infographic
Regional
Engagement
APC Madro
Guidelines
Snapshot
CMCoord Field
Handbook V1.0
RCG First Session
Final Report
Asia Pacific
UN-CMCoord 
Invitation letter