Crisis Overview

While reeling from the impact of the 2017 Indian Ocean Dipole-induced drought, exacerbated by disease outbreaks, large scale loss of livelihood assets and displacement, southern and south-eastern Ethiopia also suffered below average spring (February – May) rains in 2017, the third consecutive poor/failed rains in the southern drought belt. This had left at least 8.5 million people in need of relief food assistance by mid-year, up from 5.6 million in January 2017. In addition to the 8.5 million relief food beneficiaries, the humanitarian operation in the second half of the year provided continued assistance to 4 million ‘public works clients’ of the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).

The humanitarian situation was further exacerbated by an upsurge in conflict around the border areas of Oromia and Somali regions, since early September 2017. Over the course of the following months, the conflict has left hundreds of thousands displaced, often in areas already experiencing ongoing drought-related humanitarian need. Nearly all districts along the regional borders were affected. The latest round of IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix conducted in November – December 2017 indicates that around 1 million persons have been displaced due to conflict along the Oromia-Somali regional border (nearly 700,000 in 2017 alone, with a significant spike after September 2017).

The drastic spike in internally displaced persons and associated multi-sector needs; the dire nutrition situation in Somali region; harvest losses due to failed or delayed rains; and the impact of Fall Armyworm infestation necessitated a further upward revision of the 2017 Humanitarian Requirements Document – Ethiopia’s equivalent of an appeal - requirement to $1.417 billion by mid-October, up from $1.259 billion in August and $948 million in January 2017.

Humanitarian Financing

Humanitarian Reports

Press Releases