World Humanitarian

Data and Trends 2014

An annual OCHA publication that presents global and country-level data and trend analysis about humanitarian crises and assistance

THE CONTEXT OF HUMANITARIAN CRISES IS CHANGING
 

In 2013 the humanitarian community was confronted with emergencies of unprecedented magnitude.

This interactive - based on the publication - shows the impact of natural disasters and conflict on the millions of people affected worlwide, the changing nature of the crises and looks at the critical role that partnerships can play in meeting the needs of affected people.

PEOPLE AFFECTED BY CONFLICTS AND
NATURAL DISASTERS IN 2013
97
MILLION
PEOPLE AFFECTED BY NATURAL DISASTERS IN 2013
 
CHINA
27.5 million
PHILIPPINES
25.7 million
INDIA
16.7 million
VIETNAM
4.1 million
THAILAND
3.5
 
Top five countries by number of people affected by natural disasters
51.2
MILLION
PEOPLE AFFECTED BY CONFLICT IN 2013
 
 
ASYLUM SEEKERS: 1.2 MILLION
 
INTERNALLY DISPLACED PEOPLE: 33.3 MILLION
 
REFUGEES: 16.7 MILLION
 
16% INCREASE IN IDPs
 
148.2
MILLION
TOTAL COMBINED AMOUNT OF PEOPLE AFFECTED BY CONFLICT AND NATURAL DISASTERS IN 2013
 
CRISES ARE LONGER AND MORE EXPENSIVE

In the last ten years, the funding requirements of inter-agency appeals have increasesd by 600% from $3 billion in 2004 to $17.9 billion in 2014.

In the same amount of time, the number of people targeted for assistance has more than doubled.

Funding requested in 2004

$3
BILLION

$17.9
BILLION

More than 6 times the request a decade ago

Funding requested in 2014

WHY ARE PARTNERSHIPS IMPORTANT?
 
 

Make the most of
new opportunities

Overcome challenges and
build capacity

Deliver
effectively

MAKING THE MOST OF NEW OPPORTUNITIES
 
 

SOCIAL MEDIA

Social media is still an experimental field, but through strengthening partnerships with social media users for data collection and analysis, the humanitarian community will be able to make the most of this new opportunity.

Twitter in particular, is providing a new avenue of valuable data. To make the most of it, we first need to understand who is using it and how.

OVERCOMING CHALLENGES
 
 
 
CASE STUDY: SYRIA
The crisis in Syria is one of the worst on record given the sheer size of damage in the country and the effect on the region. Over 150 agencies and aid groups are working with local partners and national authorities to provide relief.
Hover over circles for more information.
  • Health

    More than 22 million people were vaccinated against polio and measles

  • WASH

    792,000 individuals benefited from access to water supply networks

  • Core relief

    1.6 million blankets and quilts distributed

  • Shelter

    More than 163,000 tents and shelters distributed

  • Food

    1,394,000 beneficiaries of food vouchers or cash assistance for food

  • Education

    314,868 Syrian refugee children enrolled in formal education

DELIVERING EFFECTIVELY
 
 
In the direct aftermath of an emergency, it can be difficult to deliver assistance to affected communities especially if a country's infrastructure has been compromised. Partnerships with other relief providers can greatly enhance the overall capacity of the humanitarian community to help those in need. Directly after Super Typhoon Haiyan, foreign military assets were key in delivering relief.
Click on a square for more information
Main activities of military assets in Super Typhoon Haiyan

Ship
27

Aircraft
72

Helicopters
29

UN Member States
that deployed assets

21
  • Strategic airlifts of food, shelter, health facilities, and water purification units
  • Operational and tactical airlft of relief supplies
  • Evacuation of disaster victims
  • Engineering to assist in clearing debris, opening roads, re-establishing electricity, rehabilitating schools and assessing infrastructure
  • Water purification to produce clean drinking water
  • Fumigation of living areas to contain secondary threats like the outbreak of epidemics
  • Deployment of mobile medical teams to treat injuries
  • Establishment of field hospitals
  • Logistics support for the delivery of humanitarian supplies
  • Identification of potential sites for assistance


72 Aircraft
 

This report is just one part of OCHA's efforts to improve data and analysis on humanitarian situations worldwide and build a humanitarian data commmunity.

The information gap
Due to the complexity of humanitarian crises, there are many gaps in the available information. Even the concepts of humanitarian needs and assistance are flexible, and there are also inherent biases in the information. To truly understand and measure impact, the humanitarian community will need to continue working on better standards and ways of collecting, sharing and using data.