The Humanitarian Action Plan (HAP) is the main funding appeal mechanism in DRC. This annual consolidated document organizes priorities of life-saving activities to be presented to UN Member States and other partners for funding. The first DRC appeal was launched in 2000. Since then, millions of dollars have been disbursed to help millions of people in dire need of help.
Of the US$791 million requested for the DRC 2012 HAP, $443 million (56 per cent) has been funded so far. About half a million people have been displaced since the last escalation of fighting in North Kivu in April 2012. A new humanitarian crisis looms, adding to DRC's monumental humanitarian needs.
There are several funding mechanisms for the projects in line with the HAP objectives and priorities. Among those:
- The Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF) is available to fund urgent humanitarian activities outlined in the HAP. In 2012, $87.2 million had been allocated to 141 projects in DRC.
- The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided funding to large emergencies in DRC since 2006 for projects in line with HAP objectives.
- The Emergency Response Fund (ERF) has been operational since 2004. It directly finances local and international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to deliver basic services through primary education, food security, nutrition, primary health, and water and sanitation projects.
Bilateral donors provide the bulk of funding directly to UN agencies’ and NGOs’ projects.
OCHA management of these funds allows for a faster response to humanitarian needs. The HAP ensures coordination of humanitarian action in the country, while tracking funding facilitates transparency in how it is mobilized.