|Global Hunger Index||33.28|
Recurrent drought conditions induced by climate change over the past two decades have led to a significant deterioration in Djibouti’s humanitarian situation. The climate is already one of the harshest in the world. Heat and arid conditions have left only 0.01 per cent of the land arable with minimal annual rainfall.
The population’s coping capacities have gradually eroded, and people are increasingly unable to generate sufficient household income to provide for even basic necessities. More than 58 per cent of the rural population is food insecure and about 23 per cent live in extreme poverty. Forty-two per cent of the population live in absolute poverty, and 35 per cent of the rural population have no access to water. Malnutrition has reached extremely high levels, with global acute malnutrition rate probably higher than the 17.8 per cent reported in 2013.
Additional pressure resulting from the presence of refugees and migrants are increasing food insecurity and malnutrition. The affected include long-term refugees from southern Somalia and new refugees from Yemen, who are themselves highly vulnerable. The humanitarian situation is exacerbated by chronic stressors, such as a lack of basic water and sanitation services and health care, the limited provision of safety nets, high food prices and structural poverty.
Over, 282,000 people will require humanitarian assistance in 2016, including Djiboutians living in extreme poverty, refugees, asylum seekers and migrants. The 2016 HRP focuses on providing life-saving assistance in food security, nutrition, water and sanitation, health and protection. The plan also includes resilience-building activities intended to reduce long-term reliance on humanitarian assistance.
8 IFPRI – Global Hunger Index, 2015