Central African Republicochaonline.un.org/car
- CAR is ranked 179 out of 182 on the Human Development Index.
- The humanitarian situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) has seen a marked deterioration due to renewed insecurity which has caused internal displacement and increased the vulnerability of the local population.
- Approximately 162,000 people remain displaced within the country while some 137,000 Central Africans have fled to Chad and Cameroon to survive.
- Over 67% of the population now lives on less than a dollar a day. Access to safe drinking water is limited to 32% of the population.
- Some 44% of children have no access to primary education. The adult literacy rate stands at 49%.
In 2010, OCHA expects to face numerous challenges. For example, aid agencies have greatly increased their presence in areas struck by violence and now deliver emergency assistance and protection to more people than ever before. This requires support for improved access, cluster coordination, advocacy, and post-conflict recovery. There is neither a clear policy nor modus operandi governing civil and military relationships, thus underscoring the necessity for clear coordination mechanisms. Limited and unpredictable funding leads to competition among actors. This in turn affects the effectiveness of the established clusters. Support is also required for pooled mechanisms to ensure more timely and equitable funding across relevant sectors. OCHA engagement in CAR is based on its comparative advantages.
For instance, OCHA provides guidance on common strategies and priorities. It serves as first point of contact for all humanitarian organizations, United Nations and non-United Nations entities. OCHA possesses recognized expertise in support of pooled funding mechanisms (CERF) and HC management of the Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF). OCHA leads the consolidation of key strategic planning tools such as the needs assessment framework, the inter-agency contingency plan and the consolidated appeal in support of the HC. And the analytical capacity gained by OCHA through humanitarian-oriented activities is instrumental to strategic linkages and coherence between the Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP) and the peace consolidation framework. In 2010, OCHA CAR engagement will entail a detailed strategic plan of action.
OCHA will play a key role in supporting the HC and ensuring that humanitarian response dovetails with other initiatives and processes such as Security Sector Reform (SSR); Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR); Prevention Disarmament Demobilization Reintegration (PDDR); and development programmes. As full member of the Peace building Fund (PBF) Steering Committee, OCHA will ensure that funded projects are coherent, and complement programmes supported through the CAP.
OCHA will continue to support the early recovery network. OCHA will improve preparedness by updating the humanitarian inter-agency contingency plan and increasing linkages with Government and stakeholders such as the European Commission (EC) and the World Bank, to strengthen natural disaster prevention and mitigation. Finally, OCHA will work with all Humanitarian and Development Partnership Team (HDPT) members and particularly the cluster leads to run an inclusive assessment process.