- Chad is ranked 175 of 182 on the Human Development Index.
- The current humanitarian situation in Chad is impacted by spillover from the conflict in Darfur; insecurity in Northern Central African Republic; and inter-ethnic and internal political tension.
- Chad is host to 256,700 Sudanese refugees in the East; 67,832 Central African refugees in the South; and 168,400 IDPs and 20,000 returnees in the East.
- There is 20% global acute malnutrition rate in the Kanem Region, northwest of N'Djamena. • Flood destruction in the South and West and poor rainfall in the North and East are expected to negatively impact the overall food security and nutrition situation in the country.
Some eight United Nations agencies and over 56 NGOs are providing vital assistance to over half a million refugees, IDPs, returnees, and vulnerable host communities in Eastern and Southern Chad. A strong OCHA presence is necessary to avoid gaps and overlaps in coordination. OCHA is thus strengthening its presence in the East, while expanding its coverage to the South and West. Humanitarian coordination and response in Chad is a particular challenge due to ongoing violent incidents targeting aid organizations and the multiciplity of actors on the ground. While no large-scale fighting between government forces and armed opposition groups was reported during the second half of 2009, the internal political tension in Chad is still unresolved.
Sustained advocacy by OCHA to preserve the humanitarian space and ensure principled humanitarian response is therefore required. In addition, with the presence of the MINURCAT and DIS, OCHA civil-military coordination is imperative to ensure appropriate linkages between the mission and the humanitarian community. Natural disasters, floods, drought, epidemics and structural malnutrition are recurrent in the West and are adding to the complexity of the humanitarian situation in the country. As expressed by humanitarian actors in the CAP workshop held in N'Djamena in September 2009, there is growing demand for OCHA to advocate greater coverage of humanitarian needs and vulnerabilities in the entire country. Adequate resources are required to ensure needs are assessed and addressed in a timely manner. And OCHA is uniquely positioned to bring a more contextual analysis and encourage a more comprehensive response.
For 2010, OCHA has devised a robust plan of action to tackle coordination challenges in Chad:
- OCHA will reinforce its presence with a full deployment in the East and reinforce the capacity of the N'Djamena office to continue improving the coordination of humanitarian action. Regarding durable solutions for IDPs and refugees, early recovery operations require a coordination forum. OCHA thus plans to work with humanitarian actors and support local authorities to build capacity for an appropriate coordination mechanism. In that respect, the cluster roll out in N'Djamena and the inter-cluster coordination mechanisms in Abeche and N'Djamena will provide an improved information flow from the East to the capital, and from the cluster level to the inter-cluster level and humanitarian country team.
- OCHA will assist humanitarian partners in planning and coordinating humanitarian action. OCHA will work to ensure improved access to the most affected populations, coordinate a needs assessment plan, and help provide common advocacy initiatives and information management. OCHA will continue to mobilize and provide actors with relevant information and analysis. Focus will be on areas other than the East, especially to make information available on natural disasters, epidemics and malnutrition.
- OCHA will support effective coordination with MINURCAT by participating in joint planning and coordination mechanisms and through its civil military coordination activities. OCHA will continue to ensure linkages between the humanitarian community and MINURCAT with the aim of ensuring neutral and impartial humanitarian coordination. In addition, OCHA will work to ensure that humanitarian principles are known and respected.