- Guinea is ranked 170 of 182 on the Human Development Index.
- Guinea represents a slow on-set crisis: a deepening poverty and chronic vulnerability, driven by a confluence of security, governance, socio-political, economic and environmental factors.
- The country is prone to low intensity natural hazards such as flooding, insect infestations and wild fires.
- An estimated 2,300,000 people (23% of total population) in rural regions are moderately or severely food-insecure.
Despite the absence of a quick onset disaster or open conflict, past and recent events demonstrate the need for emergency preparedness and response in Guinea. While reinforcing such capacity among humanitarian partners, OCHA promote a smooth transition to development, as the situation allows. Compounded by recent political events, the volatile situation in Guinea has necessitated a review of the contingency plans to update preparedness measures and make sure stocks were there.
In its capacity of inter cluster coordinator, OCHA has identified and discussed these issues with the relevant cluster leads who will contribute to the revision of the contingency plans. If the situation does not spiral out of control in 2010, OCHA will strive to consolidate humanitarian efforts and increasingly shift from relief to recovery and development activities. While significant concerns remain, most are caused by systemic problems of chronic poverty and weak governance, requiring long-term development approaches. Now that most IDPs and refugees have either returned home or been integrated, OCHA Guinea is planning to begin to phase-down in 2010. The plan includes reinforcing the capacity of government to take over particular humanitarian coordination functions and handing over select functions to United Nations agencies, mainly to UNDP and the RC office.
It is planned that OCHA will maintain a Country Office in Guinea at least through mid-year 2010, at which point it may phase-down to a HSU, integrated into the Office of the RC with a single Humanitarian Affairs Officer. In 2010, OCHA Guinea will focus on the following strategic priorities:
- In support of Objective 2.1 (effective mechanisms that manage and support accountable humanitarian coordination leaders) OCHA Guinea will provide services and tools before, during and after an emergency. This includes, inter alia, leading coordination through evidence-based common planning; facilitating inter-cluster coordination; supporting situational assessments, analysis and monitoring; and effectively supporting the HC to advocate on issues related to access and humanitarian principles.
- In support of Objective 2.2 (a more predictable and scalable suite of OCHA services and tools to support leaders and partners in response preparedness, humanitarian response, and transition) OCHA will continue to strengthen capacities of humanitarian partners and government in humanitarian coordination and disaster preparedness. In follow up to the June 2009 workshop to elaborate a national contingency plan, and the regional workshops to develop local capacities and preparedness planning developed at the end of 2009, OCHA will train partners in needs assessment. OCHA will also assist them in setting up local emergency response teams in 2010.
- In support of Objective 2.4 (a more systematic coordination of the common humanitarian programme cycle: needs assessment and analysis, joint planning, fund raising and resource allocation and monitoring and evaluation) OCHA will initiate discussion within the HCT for stronger and more integrated approaches to programming.