Sri Lanka

PhilippinesSince declaring the end of military operations against the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam LTTE in May 2009, the Government of Sri Lanka has made significant progress in returning those IDPs who were displaced after April 2008 to their home areas. By the end of September 2012, fewer than 40,000 IDPs remained, mainly in host-family situations. This is down from a peak of 275,000 in May 2009. In line with this positive trend, OCHA’s priorities in Sri Lanka have shifted from coordinating humanitarian action to advocating durable solutions for all IDPs. In 2012, OCHA continued to support the Government and the humanitarian community to address residual humanitarian needs, especially in the Northern Province. In late 2012, the strategic focus will shift from IDPs’ resettlement and return to supporting durable solutions through a Government-led development coordination system. Sri Lanka’s vulnerability to natural disasters means OCHA will continue to support response preparedness and promote disaster risk reduction.

Pedestrians wade through a flooded street in Kinniya Division, Trincomalee, Sri Lanka. Food and drinking water were urgent priorities for the 1 million people affected by the floods in Sri Lanka in January 2010. © Oxfam/Michael Mathiyalakan