Objective 1.4

Humanitarian response and preparedness are underpinned by integrated analysis and rigorous learning

For humanitarian response to work properly, it must be based on a sound analysis of the drivers behind different situations and the needs they produce. This is particularly important in a shifting global context, where issues such as climate change, rising food prices, rapid population growth and urbanization all have serious humanitarian implications, making millions of people more vulnerable. While there is a widespread recognition of the need to factor in these mega-trends and phenomena, there is little real consensus on the scale of the problems ahead and the new imperatives they bring for international humanitarian response.

OCHA is looking to build that consensus, drawing on the expertise of academics and humanitarian practitioners from around the world. The dialogue already underway intends to encourage the development of a joint policy agenda that looks at current and future humanitarian priorities, taking into account the new mega-trends and phenomena we confront, while providing the ERC, OCHA and our partners with a more coherent and confident platform to engage with national and international stakeholders.

Having helped create a shared policy agenda, OCHA will seek to make that agenda count. A new publication will highlight key policy issues. Improvements in OCHA’s situation reports, dashboards and information graphics will provide a global audience with a thorough analysis of humanitarian situations and trends. By boosting the content of these products and developing better distribution channels, including a more imaginative use of the international media, OCHA should have a better chance of the humanitarian policy agenda being adopted by the UN General Assembly, ECOSOC, UN Secretary-General reports and the IASC.

As the lead agency on coordination, OCHA will need to strengthen its capacity and that of its partners, focusing on anticipation, preparedness and action. This will mean more effective monitoring of vulnerability levels at the local and regional level, with information and analysis properly integrated into the overall response to growing needs around the world.

Result 1: A shared humanitarian policy and research agenda, shaped by an analysis of how global challenges increase worldwide vulnerability and humanitarian needs.
Indicator 1. OCHA helps engender a systematic South-North-South exchange on humanitarian policy issues and set a global humanitarian policy and research agenda
BASELINE 2011

The humanitarian research agenda is currently dominated by a small number of research and policy actors. It has little representation from the global South. There is also currently no single publication that presents key strategic policy issues linked to a comprehensive overview of humanitarian facts, figures and trends.

TARGET 2012

(a) Institutionalize a global research conference with strong representation of IASC and North and South research institutions aimed at mapping current and future humanitarian policy priorities.

(b) Building on the annual conference, two regional policy meetings are organized to deepen understanding of local policy challenges and priorities.

(c) In consultation with IASC and research partners, OCHA identifies a research theme and develops/compiles quantitative and qualitative data aimed at presenting a biannual overview of the humanitarian system.

(d) A new OCHA flagship publication on pivotal humanitarian policy issues is launched and disseminated.

(e) Undertake joint analysis with non-UN research partners, preferably from the global South.

TARGET 2013

(a) Annual conference and two regional policy meetings are organized to deepen understanding of global and local policy challenges and priorities.

(b) World Humanitarian Report published

(c) UN General Assembly, ECOSOC, UN Secretary-General reports and the IASC reflect elements of the policy priorities identified.

(d) Partnership strategy with think-tanks with a particular focus on the Global South developed and implemented.

(e) Triennial policy cycle developed; year 1 implemented including analysis and related events/publications.

Result 2: OCHA’s evaluations and analytical products help shape intergovernmental and humanitarian decision making.
Indicator 1. Real-Time Evaluations (RTEs) and other inter-agency evaluations are a driving force in system-wide change and innovation.
BASELINE 2011 RTEs carried out for all major emergencies, but follow-up by HCTs on recommendations is uneven.
TARGET 2012

(a) Inter-agency (IA) RTEs or other reviews are carried out in the first 3 months of all level 3 emergencies. HCTs act on 50 per cent of recommendations

(b) Generic ToRs for IA RTEs are revised in line with IASC Transformative agenda to narrow scope and focus on accountability mechanisms, including the HC-HCT strategic plan and delivery against results

TARGET 2013

(a) IA RTEs or other reviews are carried out for all major emergencies. HCTs act on 70 per cent of recommendations.

(b) IASC reviews implementation rate of RTE recommendations.

Indicator 2. Improved info-graphics, situation reports, and dashboards will provide a wide global audience with a thorough analysis of humanitarian situations and trends.
BASELINE 2011

On average, five info-graphics are produced each month, situation reports do not contain sufficient analysis and use of the dashboards is uneven.

TARGET 2012

(a) Conduct training missions to three OCHA offices to improve field production of humanitarian snapshots

(b) All situation reports and regular reports have at least one analytical component

(c) Define analytical requirements for OCHA’s portfolio of products and associated processes

(d) Dashboard is linked to each CAP and produced regularly during each major emergency.

TARGET 2013

(a) Conduct training missions to three OCHA offices to improve field production of humanitarian snapshots

(b) All situation reports and regular reports have at least two analytical components

Indicator 3. Number of broadly analytical articles and in-depth reports published.
BASELINE 2011

In 2010, IRIN published some 500 analytical articles on humanitarian issues and developed eight in-depth information packages.

TARGET 2012

IRIN publishes at least 600 analytical articles on humanitarian issues and develops 10 in-depth packages.

TARGET 2013

(a) Analysis to constitute 25 percent of output (a 5% increase on 2012), representing 750 articles.

(b) Ten In-Depths (a focused, themed package of articles and analysis on selected humanitarian issues)

(c) A total of 20 films on key humanitarian issues, including one documentary-length feature.

(d) Advocacy outreach to humanitarian NGOs, think-tanks, and media in the Global South.

Result 3: Strengthened capacity of OCHA and its partners to anticipate, prepare for and respond to the humanitarian consequences of global trends and challenges.
Indicator 1. OCHA identifies global trends and integrates them into the wider response and preparedness agenda.
BASELINE 2011 Vulnerability analysis is carried out in an ad hoc manner and not systematically integrated into contingency plans and response frameworks.
TARGET 2012

(a) Comprehensive analysis completed on how OCHA and its partners can better monitor vulnerabilities, and how they can anticipate, prepare for and respond to the humanitarian consequences of global trends and challenges.

(b) Regular monitoring conducted of global challenges, such as food prices and climate change. Regional and in-country actors alerted as relevant.

(c) Guidance developed on vulnerability indicators.

(d) Analysis completed for OECD countries on the impact of counter-terrorism measures on principles humanitarian action.

TARGET 2013

(a) Develop and implement a set of measures at HQ, regional and field level to strengthen OCHA’s capacity to monitor vulnerability, and its capacity to anticipate, prepare for and respond to the humanitarian consequences of global trends and challenges.

(b) Regular monitoring conducted of global challenges, such as food prices and climate change. Alert regional in-country actors as relevant.

(c) Contingency plans incorporate vulnerability/risk analysis.

Indicator 3. Number of broadly analytical articles and in-depth reports published
BASELINE 2011

In 2010, IRIN published some 500 analytical articles on humanitarian issues and developed eight in-depth information packages.

TARGET 2012

IRIN publishes at least 600 analytical articles on humanitarian issues and develops 10 in-depth packages.

TARGET 2013

(a) Analysis to constitute 25 percent of output (a 5% increase on 2012), representing 750 articles.

(b) Ten In-Depths (a focused, themed package of articles and analysis on selected humanitarian issues)

(c) A total of 20 films on key humanitarian issues, including one documentary-length feature.

(d) Advocacy outreach to humanitarian NGOs, think-tanks, and media in the Global South.

Result 4: A shared international commitment to strengthening aid transparency and commitment through promoting a Global Declaration and Agenda on Humanitarian Aid Transparency and Effectiveness.
Indicator 1. OCHA develops a framework for aid effectiveness and accountability and builds stakeholder support.
BASELINE 2011

There is currently no agreed framework among humanitarian actors for assessing effectiveness or for ensuring accountability among humanitarian actors, donors and host states.

TARGET 2012

(a) Formation of Aid Effectiveness Secretariat.

(b) Formation of Policy Working Group.

(c) Commission of basic research on impact.

(d) Broad endorsement of concept note on effectiveness and work plan; Launch of concept.

TARGET 2013

(a) Acceptance of core definitions of impact.

(b) Research and development of operational ideas to build effectiveness

(c) Zero draft of declaration and agenda.