Fiji is one of the largest and most populated countries in the Pacific. It has a total of 330 islands with a combined land area of 18,333 km² and a sea zone of 1.3 million km². Fiji’s population mainly lives on the two largest islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. Suva, the political and business capital of Fiji, lies at the south-eastern side of the main island, Viti Levu.

Fiji is highly susceptible to natural disasters, particularly cyclones, floods, earthquakes, tsunami and drought. The cyclone/rainy season in Fiji is between November and April.

The Fiji Government estimates more than 67 000 people (approx. 13 per cent of the population) are currently affected by an El Niño-related drought. The Fijian Government is well advanced in its planning for the drought which has been slowly building for a year. Water trucking operations have now been stepped-up to cover the increasing needs of people, agriculture and livestock. A total of 54 schools (12 000 students) have received emergency water supplies. For more information on El Niño in the Pacific visit: OCHA Pacific El Niño Hub

In January and March 2012, Fiji suffered severe flooding as a result of two tropical depressions. The flooding caused significant damage, particularly to areas in the Western Division. In late 2012, Tropical Cyclone Evan also caused significant damage to Fiji. On both occasions, the Pacific Humanitarian Team was activated to support the national humanitarian response and early recovery.

National response capacity in Fiji is fairly strong due to a well-established and active network of humanitarian partners, including Government, the Red Cross, local NGOs and UN agencies.

OCHA ROP has supported enhanced disaster coordination structures and humanitarian response planning.

The UN has a sub-regional office in Fiji that is home to 12 UN agencies, including OCHA. The UN Resident Coordinator’s Office can coordinate UN agencies to assist government to respond to emergencies and national security issues.