Following a humanitarian crisis, humanitarian actors in the field can immediate provide life-saving assistance by using OCHA-managed pooled funds. There are three types of pooled funds: the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), Common Humanitarian Funds (CHFs) and Pakistan Humanitarian Pooled Fund (PHPF). These funds provide assistance for food, water and shelter immediately following a natural disaster; life-saving nutrition and medical care for babies born in refugee camps; and basic services for people struggling to survive in many of the world's forgotten emergencies. PHPF and CERF are operational in Pakistan.
Pakistan Humanitarian Pooled Fund
The PHPF is OCHA's mechanism to release rapid and flexible funds in response to an emergency. At the Advisory Board’s discretion, PHPF funds can also be used in situations of underfunding of acute needs in priority sectors.
In Pakistan, the PHPF has disbursed $43.5 million for 181 projects that have benefited more than 5 million people in Pakistan. Under ther projects, Implementing partners provided food, water, sanitation, health care, shelter, education, nutrition, protection, community restoration, agriculture and livestock. National non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have received most of the funds.
As there is no consolidated funds appeal mechanism in Pakistan, the PHPF is crucial in providing funds to bridge humanitarian gaps in the country. Most PHPF projects have contributed to bridging these gaps and meeting acute needs. In many cases, PHPF funding was the sole source available to meet critical humanitarian needs.
An independent evaluation conducted in 2011 revealed that the PHPF has delivered good results and value for money, and has helped strengthen humanitarian partnerships and coordination in Pakistan.
In May 2013 an independent consultant who evaluated PHPF Pakistan in 2011 reviewed progress made in implementing the recommendations from the evaluation. The review noted the PHPF in Pakistan has made good progress in addressing the recommendations and as a consequence, the Fund is now in a much stronger position to identify and communicate priorities, critically assess project proposals and address urgent needs in the complex aid environment in Pakistan.