Armenia is a mountainous, land-locked country in the southern part of the Caucasus region. It is susceptible to disasters including landslides, rock falls, hailstorms, droughts, strong winds and floods. Devastating earthquakes pose the highest risk to Armenia.

The country is home to a nuclear power plant, raising the threat of man-made disasters. Industrial accidents or the bursting of dams built on mountain rivers could seriously affect both people and environment. In many cases, emergencies could spill across borders.

In 2011, ROCCA assumed a monitoring role in the Caucasus, and in 2012 the office expanded to fully cover the region, including Armenia. Since then, OCHA has actively engaged the wider humanitarian community in Armenia, and facilitated an inter-agency contingency planning process and related follow-up activities in order to better plan and coordinate disaster preparedness initiatives.