Azerbaijan is the largest country in the Caucasus region. It is located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. As with all other countries in the region, Azerbaijan is highly susceptible to earthquakes, floods and other destructive natural disasters.
Almost 600,000 people remain internally displaced following the Nagorno-Karabakh war, which ended with a ceasefire in 1994. These people constitute 7 per cent of the total population—one of the highest rates of displacement in the world. Considerable resources have gone into improving their lives. Some 108,000 people were moved into new houses over the past two years, and 115,000 more homes are due to be constructed by 2015. Internally displaced people benefit from free or low-cost education, health care and energy, and they enjoy preferential employment opportunities.
Azerbaijan is an emerging donor of international aid in the region. In 2010, the country established a specialized entity: the Azerbaijan International Development Agency (AIDA), which identifies and provides funds to countries in need of assistance. OCHA cooperates with AIDA to support Azerbaijan with these tasks.