Iraq has experienced a sharp increase in violence. The United Nations Assistance Mission to Iraq (UNAMI) estimates that 1182 people have been killed and 2231 injured since January 2014.
The country has also experienced waves of displacement. According to Government statistics, there are an estimated 1.3 million IDPs in Iraq. Insecurity and a lack of livelihoods prevent their return. In addition, armed conflict in Anbar Governorate since 31 December 2013 has led to further internal displacement, with 68,333 displaced families registered with Ministry of Displacement and Migration (MoDM) (as of 28 February 2014). The deteriorating conflict in Syria has led to a large number of Syrians fleeing their country and seeking asylum in Iraq. The current number of registered Syrian refugees is 219, 579 (as of 30 March 2014), with the vast majority located in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The number increased significantly since early 2013, going from just under 70,000 to over 200,000 in less than a year.
Iraq is also prone to natural disasters, such as floods and drought, and is vulnerable to the environmental impacts of climate change, particularly desertification.
OCHA ROMENA is supporting the Humanitarian Country Team, UNAMI and the Government in current response to the Anbar crisis. A Humanitarian Response Plan was launched in March 2014 requesting just over US$100 million to respond to 40,000 displaced families.
For more information please visit UNAMI website for Iraq: http://www.uniraq.org/index.php?lang=en
|Governorate Capitals Map|