Jordan is a constitutional monarchy with a representative Government, based on the 1952 Constitution. The reigning monarch, His Majesty King Abdullah II, is the Head of State, the Chief Executive and the Commander-in-Chief of the Jordanian armed forces. The King exercises his executive authority through a Prime Minister and a Cabinet.
As a result of prolonged conflict in the Middle East, Jordan has hosted several waves of refugees and displaced people (Palestine, Iraq and recently Syria). This has had a significant impact on the population growth rate. Since 1961, the population has increased more than fivefold, leading to pressure on natural resources, growing income disparities and an increase in poverty. Jordan hosts over 622,000 Syrian refugees, as of 5 January 2015.
Jordan faces a number of hazards including earthquakes, flash floods and drought. Seismic hazards carry the prospect of highest casualty figures, to which the economic, social and state structures of the country are most vulnerable.
Through the Syria Emergency Response Fund administered by OCHA Regional Office for the Syria Crisis, OCHA has enabled humanitarian actors to respond to life-saving and emergency needs of Syrian refugees in Jordan through 49 interventions at a total cost of US$ 14.7 million.
In 2015, OCHA Jordan will focus on supporting and promoting national ownership and leadership in humanitarian coordination and bridging of humanitarian and development assistance to address the impact of the Syria crisis through supporting the national-led 2015 Jordan Response Plan (JRP), in addition to supporting the whole-of-Syria approach and coordinating the implementation of the UN Security Council Resolutions (UNSCR) 2165 and 2191.
In support of the 2015 JRP, OCHA works closely with the Government of Jordan and the Humanitarian Country Team towards achieving: (a) capacity development in aid coordination, (b) advocacy and partnerships with the government, NGOs, and UN partners to promote greater coherence between humanitarian and development programming, (c) joint development of monitoring and evaluation mechanisms to improve aid tracking, accountability and coordination, (d) support to the government to establish and maintain integrated information management systems, and (e) mobilization of financial and other resources, including funding for the newly planned Multi-Partner Trust Fund (the “Jordan Resilience Trust Fund”), designed to support the 2015 Jordan Response Plan.
In support of the Whole of Syria (WoS) approach, OCHA Jordan works in close collaboration with Amman-based sectors/clusters, OCHA Syria and OCHA Turkey through strengthening the analysis of humanitarian needs, response, and gaps in southern Syria while providing support to multi-sector and thematic needs assessments, supporting sector/cluster coordination and facilitating inter-sector coordination in Jordan and at the WoS level, facilitating and reporting on cross-border operations under UNSCRs 2165 and 2191, and monitoring and advocating on access and protection issues.
The newly established Jordan Emergency Response Fund (ERF) will focus primarily on responding to urgent humanitarian needs; mainly through filling funding gaps or responding rapidly to new or unforeseen emergency needs, with exceptional funding for coordination, early action, preparedness, and resilience activities. The Jordan ERF will also address the humanitarian needs in southern Syria through supporting operational and logistics activities for the implementation of cross-border operations under the UNSCR 2165 and 2191.
OCHA ROMENA supports the OCHA Jordan office with emergency preparedness efforts, such as contingency planning and facilitating a regional dialogue on earthquake response.
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