Lebanon experienced a civil war between 1975 and the early 1990s. The conflict ended with the Taif Accord in 1989, and the Saudi-brokered treaty instigated various political reforms to accommodate different groups. However, the current political system is fragile, and the conflict in Syria poses a direct risk to Lebanon, given the close political, economic and security relations that exist between the two countries. Lebanon’s border areas in the north and east have already been affected: military incidents have occurred, and 1,160,468 Syrian nationals have sought relative safety and registered for assistance with UNHCR (as of 08 January 2015).

Since 1973, Lebanon has been in a state of war with Israel. Israel invaded Lebanon in 1978 and in 1982, before gradually pulling back to a self-declared “security zone” in the south, from which it withdrew in May 2000. The last military confrontation between the two countries was a 34-day war in 2006, when approximately 1,000 people were killed and infrastructure was heavily damaged. Since 2006, a 13,000-troop UN force (UNIFIL) has been deployed to monitor the Israeli withdrawal and help the Lebanese Government restore its authority in South Lebanon.

Lebanon is also prone to natural disasters, particularly earthquakes. This is due to an active plate boundary that runs from Aqaba in the south to Antakia in Turkey in the north. A second major fault line runs offshore from Lebanon’s coast, which poses an associated threat of tsunamis. The last major earthquake occurred in 1956, killing 136 people and destroying 6,000 buildings in Lebanon.

ROMENA supports the HCT and the Government with emergency preparedness, such as contingency planning, and capacity building for improved coordination.

Lebanon Maps
Governorates Map
Governorate Capitals Map