The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) is the largest state in the Arabian Peninsula and home to more than 28 m, including a substantial foreign workforce. Like other Gulf countries, it has gained visibility for its humanitarian efforts through funding substantial initiatives in the Arab and Muslim world, based on charitable giving as zakat and sadaqa. Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam and is a requirement for all Muslims. Sadaqa refers to optional acts of charity that are encouraged.
This system of financing aid has provided regular funding sources from both large entities and individuals and is one that has been tried and tested rigorously over the years. It is one that is easily understood by the community and respected by the government. All humanitarian funding initiatives fall under the Saudi National Campaign structure, can be donated to through telethons under various sub-themes depending on the need. For example, there is a campaign to support Syria which accumulated over $32 million in just a few days.
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