Yemen has a Population of 25.2 million (2011 est) and an annual growth rate of 3% (2012 est). It is the poorest country in the Arab region and the 7th most food-insecure country in the world. Despite positive political developments in 2013, Yemen continues to be a large-scale humanitarian crisis, with more than half the population – 14.7 million people - in need of some form of humanitarian assistance. The largest numbers of people in humanitarian need are located in densely populated governorates like Hajjah, Al Hudaydah, Dhamar, Ibb and Taizz.
Yemen is currently undergoing a political transition process which is aimed at opening the way for fully democratic elections in 2014. Meanwhile, Yemen continues to face concurrent security challenges as the confrontations are ongoing between the government and the Huthi insurgents in the north; southern secessionists; and the increasing presence of Al-Qaeda, militants throughout the country.
The wave of popular uprisings and civil unrest currently sweeping North Africa and the Middle East has dramatically affected Yemen. It has added new drivers of instability to an already volatile and impoverished country with considerable development challenges and pre-existing humanitarian needs. Five key drivers of humanitarian need in Yemen have been identified: continuing and unpredictable civil unrest; ongoing conflict in northern and southern Yemen; the continually increasing presence of refugees, migrants and third-country nationals; increase in the cost of living; and lack of basic services.
The situation in Yemen is characterized by widespread insecurity, large-scale displacement, civil strife, political instability, chronic food shortages, a breakdown of social services, endemic poverty, and refugee influxes. Many needs relate to conflict and crisis in 2011 - and repeated conflicts in the north prior to 2011. There is also long-standing underdevelopment and lack of investment in basic social infrastructure and services, poor governance, widespread poverty and lack of access to income.
Women, girls and boys are particularly vulnerable because of the lack of access to protection, education, health, especially related to reproductive health care and economic opportunities. By 2013, around 3,000 cases of sexual gender based violence have been reported, as well as 212 cases of forced/child marriage.
Since 2012, the presence of UN and INGO partners has increased. There has been a welcome increase in Gulf NGOs and involvement of Yemeni organisations in humanitarian response. In 2014, 105 organizations are participating in YHRP compared to 29 in 2011. But the YHRP remains only 49% funded.
MAIN HUMANITARIAN ISSUES:
Displacement: The political and economic situation in the region impacts on Yemen. There are currently 245,561 refugees in Yemen. The introduction of new labour policies in Saudi Arabia has forced an estimated 685,000 Yemenis to return home since 2013. There are currently 335,000 IDPs in Yemen although 227,000 people have returned to their homes this year, after conflict ended.
Access: Humanitarian access remains highly impeded in large parts of Yemen. Due to tribal conflict in Sa’ada governorate, OCHA reported on 7 January that the need to access people affected by the ongoing clashes in the north remained urgent.
Food Security: 10.6 million Yemenis are food insecure, of which 4.5 million are severely food insecure; more than one children under-5 are acutely malnourished; 13.1 million people without access to improved water sources or adequate sanitation facilities. A locust infestation earlier this year in Hajjah, Hadramaut, Shabwah and Lahj Governorates, destroyed acres of fruit trees and other vegetation.
Health: A collapse of public services following the civil unrest in 2011 severely disrupted access to health services, clean water, and basic sanitation. As of January, OCHA reported that there are an estimated 8.6 million people in Yemen without access to healthcare. UNICEF reported that 1,060,000 children are estimated to be suffering from acute malnutrition, of whom 279,146 suffer from severe malnutrition.
Protection: Weak rule of law, inadequate protection system and proliferation of small arms, makes women, children, IDPs, returnees, migrants, refugees and other groups vulnerable to grave violations of their rights and abuse, and significantly exposes them to exploitation and other forms of gender-based violence.
Funding: In 2014, humanitarian partners require US$592 million to provide assistance to 7.6 million people. The highest priority needs include food and nutrition, shelter, livelihoods opportunities, water, sanitation, and health services and protection of IDPs, refugees, migrants and other vulnerable groups (especially children and women), and protection from mines and unexploded ordinance.
|Governorate Capitals Map|
Funding to OCHA Yemen
|Requirements for 2016||0|
|Opening Balance **||0|
|Total (Contributions + Opening Balance) ***||0|
|* In 2016 OCHA received unearmarked contributions from the following donors:
Unearmarked contributions (or commitments) are those for which the donor does not require the funds to be used for a specific project, sector, crisis or country, leaving OCHA to decide how to allocate the funds.
Korea, Republic of
|** May include unearmarked and earmarked funding with implementation dates beyond the calendar year|
|*** Excludes miscellaneous income (e.g. adjustments, gain/losses on exchange rate etc.)|