Coordination Structure

In addition to its work with national governments, OCHA Regional Office for the Pacific (ROP) works to strengthen partnerships for improved humanitarian response at the country and regional level, and support governments and regional organizations in their response and preparedness efforts.

Pacific Humanitarian Team

The Pacific Humanitarian Team (PHT) was established by OCHA in 2008 to ensure that regional responders work together to deliver timely and appropriate humanitarian assistance to disaster-affected people across the Pacific.

The PHT operates under the co-leadership of the United Nations Resident Coordinators in the Pacific, based in Fiji and Samoa, and consists of UN agencies, regional and bilateral organizations, national and international non-government organizations, faith-based and community based organizations and donor partners.

Pursuant to the UN General Assembly Resolution 46/182, the PHT places the host Government at the centre of the response effort, with primary responsibility for organizing humanitarian response in emergency situations.

The PHT ensures a coordinated international humanitarian response that is effective, predictable, accountable, and achieved through national and regional partnership. To achieve its objective, the PHT:

  • Engages in preparedness activities, such as contingency planning, emergency simulations, trainings, and providing standard operating procedures, and;
  • Carries out disaster response activities, such as providing assistance for rapid assessments, developing response plans, resource mobilization and coordinating international assistance.
  • Shares information and knowledge on new developments in the humanitarian community and updates points of contact.

 

OCHA ROP acts as the Secretariat of the PHT and provides an online platform to share disaster response and preparedness information at pht.humanitarianresponse.info

Inter-cluster coordination

The PHT members agree to respond to emergencies in Pacific Island Countries through a regional Cluster Approach.  The Cluster Approach organizes humanitarian actors into response sectors or ‘clusters’ which define roles and responsibilities to clarify the division of labour during international emergency response.

Seven priority clusters and an Early Recovery network have been designated in the Pacific region, with lead agencies assigned to coordinate roles, responsibilities, and accountabilities in each cluster area.

Cluster Area Lead Agency
Health and Nutrition WHO / UNICEF
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene UNICEF
Food Security FAO
Education in Emergencies UNICEF / Save the Children
Protection OHCHR / UNHCR
Emergency Shelter IFRC
Logistics WFP
Early Recovery Network UNDP


        The PHT was formally endorsed by the Inter-Agency Standing Committee in February 2012, linking the team with the global humanitarian system and demonstrating the need for the permanent activation of clusters in the Pacific Island region.

OCHA ROP facilitates inter-cluster coordination across the region and leads inter-agency preparedness and response planning activities.  OCHA also highlights response priorities and gaps, ensures cross-cutting issues are reflected in cluster plans, coordinates inter-agency multi-sector assessments and monitors cluster performance.