Angola is one of Southern Africa’s emerging economies, with large mineral and petroleum reserves, and high rates of economy growth, in particular since the end of the 23-year civil war in 2002. However, the latest UNDP Human Development Index ranks Angola in the 148th position (out of 187 countries), placing it under the low human development category.
Between 2012 and 2013, Angola was severely hit by both floods and drought-like conditions. A total of 5,785 people in the south-east and north-central parts of the country were affected by floods in the 2012/13 rain season, while a protracted dry spell particularly hit the west and south of the territory from April 2012, affecting some 1.8 million people that year. While assistance was provided by the Government and partners in the worst-hit areas, the situation has not improved significantly even in January 2014: seasonal rainfall in 2014 has not been particularly good for crops, and Cunene Province is (as is neighbouring Namibia) expected to face stressed (IPC Phase 2) acute food security outcomes through June 2014. The Government of Angola currently plans to assist the six worst affected provinces up to July 2014.
During 2013, almost 4,000 cases of malaria in south-eastern Angola, and outbreaks of cholera - which is an endemic disease in the country – were recorded and responded to in Huambo and Huila provinces.
Since 2007, OCHA ROSA has supported various activities in Angola, including:
- Developing a National Contingency Plan for humanitarian emergencies, revision of the Plan, and establishing an inter-agency coordination mechanism;
- Developing CERF Rapid Response applications in 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2012;
- Issuing Situation Reports on various humanitarian situations, including floods and drought;
- Developing a draft response plan to address the needs of Angolan nationals expelled from the DRC (in collaboration with UNHCR);
- Leading a Regional Directors’ Team mission to support the UN Resident Coordinator/UN Country Team in dealing with the issue of cross-border expulsions of DRC and Angolan nationals;
- Reviewing of Emergency Preparedness and Response Information Management Systems and implementing the recommendations with the assistance of a consultant hired through UNDP