Mozambique is a low-income least developed country (LILDC), with 70% of the population living below the poverty line. About 65% of Mozambicans live in rural areas and engage in small-scale rain-fed agriculture for the production of staple food and cash crops, as well as rearing livestock. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, which employs roughly 80% of the country's population in mostly subsistence activities. Mozambique suffers from regular floods along its principal rivers, particularly in the Zambezi and Limpopo river basins. Cyclones also affect the country almost annually. Cholera is endemic in some areas. Regarding drought risk, the southern and central regions of the country are the most prone.
In 2013, Mozambique experienced its worst floods since the year 2000. Fortunately, due to rapid and organized response by the Government, with the coordinated support of humanitarian partners, about 250,000 flood-affected people received assistance. At the same time, cholera outbreaks in northern Mozambique were also responded to.
Since 2007, OCHA ROSA has supported various activities in Mozambique, including:
- Facilitating the deployment of an UNDAC Team to support flood disaster response;
- Establishing a cluster system together with the UN Resident Coordinator for preparedness and response;
- Deploying an inter-cluster coordinator in 2008 to support local coordination in flood-affected areas;
- Mainstreaming humanitarian issues into the UNDAF;
- Leading a regional mission to support planning for migrants of humanitarian concern;
- Humanitarian financing (ECG and CERF Projects)