Current humanitarian issues of utmost concern in Swaziland are the HIV-AIDS crisis, chronic food insecurity and protection concerns relating to recent protests. The adult HIV/AIDS prevalence rate, at 25.9%, is the highest in the world. Food insecurity is an ongoing concern due to low production and drought. In February 2014, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the World Bank reported that an estimated 290,000 Swazis will be at risk of food insecurity in 2014 and that 56,300 of whom will require immediate food assistance. The 2013/2014 figure represents a 150% increase from the 2012/2013 figure of 116,000.
OCHA ROSA has supported the country’s National Disaster Management Authority to strengthen response preparedness, and worked with other agencies to support long-term disaster risk reduction (DRR). Specific areas of support include:
- Training on contingency planning, risk analysis and emergency preparedness for UN and Government, and supporting review of disaster risk management policies;
- Humanitarian Reform in 2008 and 2009, particularly coordination enhancement and humanitarian financing;
- Developing CERF applications and flash appeals for drought in 2007;
- Supporting: (1) the revision of the country’s contingency plan; and (2) capacity assessment in Emergency Preparedness and Response Information Management.
- Facilitating training on Urban Contingency plan with three municipalities.