CERF in Southern Africa
The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2006 to enable more timely and reliable humanitarian assistance to people affected by natural disasters and armed conflicts. The fund is replenished annually through contributions from Governments, the private sector, foundations and individuals, and it constitutes a pool of reserve funding to support humanitarian action. More details are on the CERF website.
As of 15 August 2012, Southern Africa has received almost US$47 million in humanitarian aid during this year. According to the OCHA Financial Tracking Service, the top three recipients were Tanzania ($11 million), Madagascar ($9.5 million) and Lesotho ($7.2 million). This is compared with the $58 million received during 2011.
The 2012 figure is expected to increase as three countries campaign for humanitarian funding: Lesotho and Malawi (food security) and Comoros (early recovery from flash flooding).
Through its rapid response window, CERF allocated $5,102,132 to Angola in June 2012 and $6,200,000 to Lesotho in August 2012 in response to food insecurity and worsening nutrition conditions. CERF also provided, through its underfunded emergencies window (UFE), US$ 2 million to Madagascar, in response to the food insecurity following floods and cyclone impacts in 2012.
The four biggest humanitarian funding donors to the Southern African region as of August this year are the European Commission ($20.7million), CERF ($13.8million), the United States ($3.5 million) and Japan ($2.4 million).
In 2011, the four biggest donors were CERF ($12.7 million), Japan ($9.8 million), the United States ($9.8 million) and the European Commission ($9.5 million).
CERF has allocated just over $13.8 million for emergencies in Southern Africa in 2012 (as of August 2012). This amount accounts for 3.8 per cent of the total allocated worldwide. This is similar to the amount the region received in 2011 ($15 million).
CERF grants were used to kick start life-saving interventions in response to food-security emergencies in Lesotho ($6.2 million) and Angola ($5.1 million), and to respond to flash flooding in Comoros ($2.5 million). CERF gave a further $2 million to Madagascar to fund remaining gaps regarding the response to Cyclone Giovanna, Tropical Storm Irina and heavy rainfall-related emergencies.
To access the current funding per country, click on the country links below: