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Photo: OCHA/Katy Thiam

A HISTORY OF CRISES

Stretching across the southern fringe of the Sahara desert, the Sahel is one of the harshest environments in the world. Some 145 million people in nine countries live in a region that is constantly challenged by chronic food and malnutrition crises. The plight of the affected communities is exacerbated by the impact of climate change, recurrent natural disasters and brutal armed conflicts and violence.

20 MILLION

FOOD-INSECURE PEOPLE

5.8 MILLION

MALNOURISHED CHILDREN

2.8 MILLION

PEOPLE DISPLACED

FAMILIES DO NOT HAVE ENOUGH TO EAT

The Sahel is an incredibly harsh environment. Its communities, vulnerable to climate change, droughts and unpredictable rainfall, are some of the most resilient in the world. Despite the daily struggle to secure enough food, more than 20 million people have started 2015 food insecure. Without immediate assistance, 2.6 million people will face hunger.

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Photo: OCHA/Ivo Brandau

20 MILLION

FOOD-INSECURE PEOPLE

1 OUT OF 7

PEOPLE IS FOOD INSECURE

2.6 MILLION

SEVERELY FOOD- INSECURE PEOPLE

1 OUT OF 50

PEOPLE IS SEVERELY FOOD INSECURE

CHILDREN SUFFER FROM MALNUTRITION

The nutritional status of millions of children in the Sahel remains unacceptable. It compromises their health, survival and development. More than half a million children under age 5 die annually from malnutrition and related diseases. One in every three children in the Sahel suffers from stunting with irrevocable consequences for their physical and cognitive development.

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5.8 MILLION

MALNOURISHED CHILDREN

1 OUT OF 5

CHILDREN WILL BE MALNOURISHED IN 2015

1.4 MILLION

SEVERELY MALNOURISHED CHILDREN

1 OUT OF 20

CHILDREN WILL BE SEVERELY MALNOURISHED IN 2015

Photo: OCHA/IRIN

Violence threatens the lives of millions of people in the Sahel, exacerbating the chronic food crisis and wiping out hard-won gains. The escalation of the conflict in north-east Nigeria has forced more than 1 million people to flee their homes. Insecurity and new violence in Mali are of great concern. In addition, Sahel communities, some of the poorest in the world, host hundreds of thousands of people who have fled violence in Sudan and the Central African Republic.

MILLIONS HIT BY VIOLENCE AND CONFLICT

WHAT IS NEEDED

$1.96 BILLION

TOTAL REQUIREMENTS

The fates of the nine Sahel countries are inevitably intertwined. Most crises, whether climate or conflict induced, have a regional impact. The Regional Response Plan aims to address the key vulnerabilities such as food insecurity, malnutrition, epidemics, conflict and displacement and natural disasters in an integrated fashion.

REQUIREMENTS BY COUNTRY (US$)

REQUIREMENTS BY SECTOR (US$)

PEOPLE WHO NEED HUM. ASSISTANCE

Photo: OCHA/Ivo Brandau

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HELP US TO RESPOND TO THEIR NEEDS

The fields do not produce enough to feed my family.

The rains arrived late. The harvest will be bad.

Three of my children died of malaria. They were too weak.

Halima - CHAD

Lamine - GAMBIA

Fadimata - BURKINA FASO

I help with the harvest. But I also want to finish my education.

My daughter smiles again. I think the worst is behind us.

We have no clean water. The well is far away.

Ndeye - SENEGAL

Rahila- NIGER

Mohamed - MAURITANIA

DOWNLOAD

Read the Sahel Call for Humanitarian Aid to learn more about the needs of people affected by crises in the Sahel and what is required to assist them in 2015.

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The designations employed and the presentation of material on this site do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs - February 2015