Crisis Overview

Child with food bag from WFP.

For decades, poverty, marginalization, armed violence, insecurity, political instability, natural hazards and lack of development have driven up humanitarian needs in Somalia. Lack of access to basic services especially education and livelihoods opportunities, means they can easily tip into the vulnerable category, as well as encouraging outward migration in search of employment and increasing susceptibility of recruitment to non-state armed forces.
Armed fighting continues in large parts of the country and remains at the heart of the crisis, not least as a driver of displacement and by limiting access and progress on development and provision of basic services. Protection violations remain at the centre of the humanitarian crisis and widespread human rights violations, instability and insecurity drive displacement and weaken the resilience of the most vulnerable. Natural hazards and disasters are endemic in Somalia and affect millions of people every year. Some chronically impoverished and conflict-ridden communities are so vulnerable that even the smallest shocks, which continue to increase in frequency and impact, have devastating effects on their lives and livelihoods. 
Consecutive poor rainy seasons since late 2015 have resulted in intense drought. By July 2017, more than half the population is in need of humanitarian assistance and the threat of famine persisted in some locations in southern and central Somalia. Malnutrition has reached emergency levels in a number of locations in southern and central Somalia, mainly among displaced populations. The July – August Gu harvest provided temporary relief for some communities in terms of food availability, but the harvest is below average or below normal due to poor rains and access to food remains constrained. Prices will remain elevated through at least early 2018. By early September, more than 975,000 were internally displaced due to drought and conflict and rely on humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs or survive. This is in addition to about 1.1 million people in protracted displacement.  Major AWD/Cholera and measles outbreaks are also of continued concern. More than 77,000 AWD/cholera cases and 1,100 deaths, and almost 16,000 measles cases have been reported.  
Humanitarians launched the 2017 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) in January, an Operational Plan for famine prevention in February and a revised HRP in May seeking resources to scale up famine prevention. Thanks to generous contributions of more than US$1 billion for humanitarian action since the beginning of the year, operational agencies are reaching over 3 million people per month and famine has been averted so far. A number of clusters are nevertheless falling short of their targets and additional resources are required to sustain current efforts to prevent famine.



Resource Mobilization Document 2016
Humanitarian Response Plan Somalia 2016
Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016