Protection covers a wide range of activities that are aimed at ensuring respect for the rights of all individuals, regardless of their age, gender or social, ethnic, national, religious or other background, in accordance with the relevant bodies of law (e.g. human rights law, international humanitarian law and refugee law). This requires a collaborative and coordinated response by various national and international actors with diverse mandates, expertise and experience. States have the primary responsibility to protect all individuals within their jurisdiction in accordance with international and national legal provisions,

The protection environment for civilians remains a significant challengein Somalia. Lack or limited governmental authority and near continuous conflict throughout many parts of the country, coupled with rampant impunity, has resulted in mass displacement of people both within Somalia and to the neighbouring countries. Recurrent environmental disasters have only exacerbated the already fragile existence many Somalis live with.

Key protection violations that communities in Somalia face include forced displacement, gender-based violence, child rights violations, arbitrary detention, forced recruitment particularly of children, “deportation”, evictions, forced relocation, and family separation. The most vulnerable members of the community are often women and children, and minority groups. Vulnerable members of a community do not always have equal access to humanitarian assistance.

TheSomalia Protection Cluster aims to provide a coherent, coordinated, accountable, and comprehensive response to the protection needs of civilians. The Protection Cluster is comprised of roughly 130 protection and human rights focused organisations that undertake preventative and responsive activities within the following definitional framework:

The concept of protection encompasses all activities aimed at obtaining full respect for the rights of the individual in accordance with the letter and the spirit of the relevant bodies of law (i.e., human rights law, international law, refugee law).[1]

The overarching objective that Protection Cluster Members strive towards is equal respect for the rights of individuals without discrimination and as provided for in national and international law. Consequently, protection is not limited to survival and physical security but covers the full range of rights, including civil and political rights.

The Somalia Protection Cluster web page provides information on protection coordination in Somalia to assist protection actors to provide assistance and services.


[1]This definition was originally developed over a series of ICRC sponsored workshops involving some fifty humanitarian and human rights organisations and was adopted by the IASC


Somalia Protection Strategy
Protection Cluster IDP Relocation Position Paper [June 2012]
Cluster Response Plan, CAP 2012
Protection Cluster Strategy for CHF First Standard Allocation, 2012


Minutes of Meetings
PC General Meeting Minutes public version [Jul. 2012]
PC General Meeting Minutes public version [May 2012]
Protection Cluster Meeting Schedule for All Regions
Minutes of SPC Meeting 26th January 2012 public version (Nairobi)


Yme NorSom GSA ASSESSMENT REPORT 2011 Final Report
Badbado IDP Camp Protection Assessment [Jul. 2011]
Afgooye Joint Protection Assessment [Jul. 2012]
Assessment Mission to Labi Sagaale, Somaliland [Feb. 2012]
CPWG Assessment December 2011
Save the Children Rapid Child Protection Assessment Report [August 2011]
GRT-IDPs Settlement Assessment - Galkacyo
GRT- GBV Gardo Situation Analysis
CISP Protection Factsheet


Protection Mainstreaming
Mainstreaming Tool
Protection Cluster GBV Checklist


Protection Cluster Report [Jul. 2012]
Protection Cluster Report [Jun. 2012]
Protection Cluster Report [May 2012]
Protection Cluster Report [Apr. 2012]


Somalia Technical Guidelines
Guidelines on IDP Relocation English | Somali


Work Plans & Terms of Reference
Protection Clluster TOR
Protection Cluster (Technical Committee) TOR
Protection Cluster TORs Gaalkacyo [Somali | English]
Protection Cluster TORs Puntland
Hargeysa Protection Work plan
GBV WG TORs 2012 Nairobi
GBV WG TORs 2012 Mogadishu
GBV Working Group TORs 2012 Bossaso
Gender Marker Focal Point ToRs
Child Protection WG ToR
Mixed Migration Task Force TORs
Guidelines for Cluster Review Commitee


References & Useful Links
Protection Cluster 4W Presentation [June 2012]
HPG Urban vulnerability and displacement
HPG Working Paper Humanitarian Space in Somalia
Global Protection Cluster Page
Global Child Protection Working Group
GBV Information Management System
Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat
United Nations Rule of Law
Webportal on Somali Displacement
International Human Rights Law
Guidelines , Handbooks and Standard Operating Procedures