Water, Sanitation & Hygiene

The Somalia Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) cluster brings together a number of local and international NGOs, Government departments and UN agencies who are actively involved in implementation of water, sanitation and hygiene promotion activities in Somalia.

The goal of the Somalia WASH cluster is to ensure effective and sustainable humanitarian action
The objectives of the cluster are to:

  1. Ensure that the most vulnerable displaced and disaster-affected women, girls, boys and men have increased, equal and sustained access to safe and appropriate water, sanitation services and hygiene promotion, including complementary activities with Nutrition, Health, Education, Livelihood and Food.
  2. Strengthen capacity for emergency preparedness and disaster risk reduction
  3. As Somalia is a chronic humanitarian crisis, the WASH cluster strategy focuses on sustained interventions i.e. interventions which continue to provide benefit to the community after the project funding finishes.  However, if temporary interventions are required, such as emergency access to safe water, the cluster recommends water access by voucher as opposed to water trucking.

To guide implementation of WASH activities, the WASH Ccuster has developed a Strategic Operational Framework (SOF) which collates WASH cluster standards and recommended approaches.  These includes Inter-Cluster Matrixes for WASH/Nutrition/Health and WASH/Education, a Gender guide and Do No Harm Guide among others. To assist in identification of gaps and overlaps in WASH response, the Cluster has developed a 4W matrix (who is doing what where and when) which tracks activities implemented by WASH agencies. The matrix is updated monthly and it is one of the platforms for sharing information by cluster. In addition, the cluster develops response maps from the 4W data to support agencies in their programme interventions. To enhance field coordination mechanisms, the cluster has established eleven field based regional clusters. The regional clusters are led by elected focal points that are responsible for chairing regular meetings and facilitating needs assessments whenever required. Additionally over 40 agencies have taken a role of District Focal Points for AWD/Cholera and Flood reporting. The cluster has also established a Strategic Advisory Group (SAG) to guide the direction of the cluster, and a Cluster Review Committee (CRC) to prioritise proposals for CAP and pooled CHF funds.  

Cluster Terms of Reference [25 Jul. 2012]
Guide to WASH Cluster Strategy and Standards - Also known as Strategic Operational Framework (SOF)  [08 Aug. 2012]
AWD/ Cholera Prevention and Response Plan [08 Aug. 2012]
Guide for Regional Focal Points [08 Aug. 2012]
Guide for District focal Points for AWD/Cholera and Flooding [08 Aug. 2012]
Flood Response Guide


Hygiene Promotion and Cholera Prevention

Click here to visit the WASH Hygiene Promotion Page



Meeting Minutes
Gedo WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [ 05 Dec. 2012]
Garowe WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [28 Nov. 2012]
Hargeysa WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [26 Nov. 2012]
Bay/Bakool WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [25 Nov. 2012]
Juba WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [25 Nov. 2012]
Banadir WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [20 Nov. 2012]
Nairobi WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [20 Nov. 2012]
Middle Shabelle WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [15 Nov. 2012]
Hiraan WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [06 Nov. 2012]
Galkacyo WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [ 04 Nov. 2012]
South Mudug/East Galgaduud WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [01 Nov. 2012]
East Galgaduud and South Mudug WASH Sub-cluster meeting Minutes [03 Jul. 2012]
Nairobi WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [26 Jun. 2012]
Bossaso WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [20 June 2012]
Gedo WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [13 Apr. 2012]
Mogadishu WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [20 Jun. 2012]
Middle Shabelle WASH Cluster Meeting [09 Jun. 2012]
South Mudug/East Galgaduud WASH Cluster Monthly Meeting [30 Apr. 2012]
North Mudug WASH Cluster Meeting [30 May 2012]
Garowe WASH Cluster Meeting [07 May 2012]
Bay/Bakool Region WASH Cluster Meeting [09 Aug. 2012]
Middle/Lower Juba Region WASH Cluster Meeting [25 Jul. 2012]
NB: Technical WASH Meetings in Nairobi are held on the last Tuesday of each month
Recommended agenda for Regional WASH Cluster Meetings to help to streamline meetings, and focus on actions to help the response , Adjust as required [17 Jan. 2012]


Who What Where 4W
WASH 4W template for Agencies [01 Jun. 2012]
Cluster Guidelines for Completing WASH 4W
WASH 4W Matrix inclusion Criteria
WASH Cluster Somalia - Summary of beneficiaries Targeted vs Reached Jan 2012 to date, as of August 2012


WASH Cluster Agencies [Apr. 2012]
Somalia - Sustained water interventions currently reached and funded beneficiaries [Aug. 2012]

Sanitation interventions currently reached and funded beneficiaries [Aug. 2012]

Somalia - Hygiene interventions currently reached and funded beneficiaries [Aug. 2012]
FSNAU access to water
FSNAU access to sanitation
OCHA/SWALIM maps (including 2011 access to water and sanitation


Templates for Needs Assessment, Planning and Reporting
Needs Assessment

          Questionnaire | Analysis tool

Annual / Contingency Planning
District reporting form for AWD/ Cholera and flooding


Somalia WASH Cluster 3 year rolling plan
Annual WASH Cluster Response Plan (from Somalia CAP 2012)
Inter-cluster matrices to identify areas of synergy and shared benefits from activities Health/Nutrition/WASH | Education/WASH


Standard for latrine design, desludging & disposal [Feb. 2012]
Standards for effective chlorination for shallow wells [Feb. 2012]
Sanitary survey standard [Feb. 2012]
Minimum guidelines for WASH interventions
Tools and Minimum guidelines for WASH assessments including drought, cholera, hygiene and sanitation assessment formats
Guidelines for water access by voucher Somalia
Construction Materials Price Guide
WASH Cluster Guidelines for Water Treatment in Somalia
Solid Waste Disposal Manual
School/Public institution rain water harvesting
OXFAM: Guide to sustainable water pans
WASH do no harm checklist [Feb. 2012]
Training Manual for Operation & Maintenance of Boreholes


IASC Gender Marker Tip Sheet - WASH
CAP 2012 Selection Criteria
CHF Selection Criteria [23 Mar. 2012]
Selection Criteria – Emergency Reserve [27 Mar. 2012]


HAP Humanitarian Accountability and Quality Management
Good Enough Guides


Sphere Handbook
One Response recommended resources
Financial Tracking System (FTS)
Other global references


Click here to visit the WASH Resources and References Page


WASH Cluster Coordinator: Patrick Laurent - Plaurent@unicef.org, +254 20 762 28482, +254 728 601 203
WASH Cluster Support Officer: Fatuma Ali - fatali@unicef.org, +254 20 762 28550, +254 705 194 104
Information Management: Shem Okiomeri - sokiomeri@unicef.org, +254 20 762 28483, +254 705 194 154
Zonal/ Regional Focal Point Map (with contact details)
WASH Cluster Contact List