Coordination Structure

The coordination structure for the delivery of humanitarian assistance in Somalia consists of the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC), the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), the Inter-Cluster Working Group and zonal/regional coordination structures (see diagram below). Coordination takes place through formal and informal information exchange, often involving local authorities, at bilateral and multilateral levels.

1. Humanitarian Country Team

The HC leads the HCT, which has 18 members. It comprises the HC, who chairs the HCT meetings, seven UN agencies, four international NGOs, two Somali NGOs, three Donors and the NGO consortium, which represents a large number of national and international NGOs.
The 2009 “IASC Guidance for Humanitarian Country Teams” stipulates that the HCT, under the HC’s leadership, forms a “centrepiece of the new humanitarian coordination architecture established by the Humanitarian Reform in 2005”. In April 2006, the IASC Principals endorsed the action plan on “Strengthening the Humanitarian Coordination System”. This stated, inter alia, that all RCs/HCs must have “broad-based country teams developed”.


The   HCT,   under   the   leadership   of   the HC, is the centerpiece of the humanitarian coordination architecture established by Humanitarian Reform. The HCT is composed of organizations and donor states that undertake and/or support humanitarian action in Somalia and that commit to participate in coordination arrangements. Its objective is to ensure that the activities of such humanitarian actors are coordinated, and that humanitarian action in Somalia is principled, timely, effective and efficient, and contributes to longer-term recovery. The HCT advises the HC. The overall purpose of the HCT is to alleviate human suffering and protect the lives, livelihoods and dignity of populations in need, while linking with development and resilience building where this does not compromise principled humanitarian action.
"The host state retains the primary role in the initiation, organisation, coordination and implementation of humanitarian assistance within its territory" (General Assembly resolution 46/182). Whenever possible, the HCT operates in support of and in coordination with national and local authorities.

HCT Somalia Key Documents
Somalia Humanitarian Narrative [Feb. 2014]
Humanitarian implications of SNAF/AMISOM Military Operation in Somalia [March 2014]
Tentative HCT Somalia Meeting Schedule 2013

2. Humanitarian Coordination Forum (HCF)

To engage the wider NGO and donor community the Humanitarian Coordinator provides an update on the Somalia Humanitarian situation through the Humanitarian Coordination Forum (HCF). The HCF provides a forum for humanitarian actors to regularly interact, share information and exchange views on ongoing humanitarian issues in Somalia.


HCF Documents
19 Mar. 2014 Minutes | Presentation
05 Feb. 2014 Minutes | Presentation
04 Dec. 2013 Minutes | Presentation
03 Nov. 2013 Minutes | Presentation
15 July 2013 Minutes | Presentation
05 June 2013 Minutes  | Presentation


3. Civil Military Coordination

Civil Military Coordination
Somalia Country Specific Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination Guidelines