Coordination Structure

The coordination mechanisms put in place to facilitate delivery of effective humanitarian assistance in Somalia are led by the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC), and include a Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), an Inter-Cluster Coordination Group (ICCG), the Clusters and zonal/regional coordination structures (see diagram below). Coordination takes place through formal and informal information exchange, often involving local authorities, at bilateral and multilateral levels.


1. Humanitarian Country Team (HCT)

The HCT is led by the HC and comprises of UN agencies, international NGOs, national NGOs, Donors and the NGO consortium, which represents a large number of national and international NGOs. Its objective is to ensure that the activities of  humanitarian actors are coordinated, and that humanitarian action in Somalia is principled, timely, effective and efficient, and contributes to longer-term recovery.

2. Inter Cluster Coordination Group (ICCG)

The cluster approach is applied by the Humanitarian Coordinator and the Humanitarian Country Team to ensure greater predictability and accountability in humanitarian response. Eight clusters are active in Somalia: Food Security, Education, Health, Protection, Logistics, Nutrition, Shelter, and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. Clusters meet regularly (monthly in most cases). Throughout Somalia, Regional Inter Cluster Coordination Groups (RICCG) also meet on a monthly basis.

3. Humanitarian Coordination Forum (HCF)

To engage the wider humanitarian and donor community, OCHA on behalf of the Humanitarian Coordinator provides an update on the Somalia humanitarian situation through the Humanitarian Coordination Forum (HCF). The HCF provides a forum for humanitarian actors to regularly interact, share information and exchange views on ongoing humanitarian issues in Somalia.

4. Civil-Military Coordination

The United Nations Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination Working Group facilitates dialogue and interaction between civilian and military actors, essential to protect and promote humanitarian principles, avoid competition, minimize inconsistency and, when appropriate, pursue common goals.  The Working Groups is convened by OCHA on a monthly basis.


OCHA on Message: Civil-Military Coordination
Somalia Country Specific Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination Guidelines