The cluster system was activated in South Sudan in 2010 to ensure a coherent, principled, predictable and effective humanitarian response. It also aims to strengthen the humanitarian community’s preparedness to respond to emergencies. There are currently ten clusters and one sector operating in South Sudan and each cluster is led by a designated UN cluster coordinator and NGO cluster co-coordinator. These include Emergency Telecommunications, Logistics, Coordination and Common Services, Education, Food Security and Livelihoods, Health and Logistics, Non-Food items and emergency shelter, Nutrition, the Multi-Sector, Protection and Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) clusters. The clusters are all inclusive, ensuring inclusion and engagement of non-governmental organizations and civil society at national and state levels and strengthening cooperation with the Government through the respective line ministries.
At operational level, the cluster working group meetings are the main forum that bring together cluster partners and respective line ministries both at national and state levels to formulate, implement and monitor cluster strategies and response plans. The participation of national NGOs in the cluster systems is particularly encouraged in support of capacity building for national counter parts, and the number of national NGOs participating in the clusters has steadily increased since the clusters were first rolled out in 2010.
At the strategic level, the Inter-Sector Working Group (ISWG), comprising of cluster coordinators and co-coordinators under the leadership of OCHA, is responsible for promoting synergy, efficiency and coherence among clusters for effective response to affected people. The ISWG also provides technical support to the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), advising on operational priorities, concerns and gaps in the humanitarian operation, and takes the lead in formulating humanitarian strategies through the Consolidated Appeals and contingency plans with guidance from the HCT. At state level each cluster is supported by NGO cluster state focal points in each of the ten states and working closely with line government sectors.
Food Security and Livelihood (FSL)
NFIs & Emergency Shelter
Water and Sanitation (WASH)
Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
Coordination Structure (as of Sep 2013)
South Sudan Cluster/ Sector Coordinators and Co-Coordinators (as of Nov 2013)