Mozambique

The FEWS NET Update of July 2016 indicates that in the drought-affected areas of the Southern and Central regions, poor households continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity. The Mozambique Technical Secretariat for Food Security and Nutrition (SETSAN) has concluded its latest assessment, and the results are expected soon. Preliminary information indicates that the situation remains largely unchanged since July, with more than 1.423 million people food insecure. However, SETSAN estimates that from October 2016 to March 2017, the cumulative number of people that may be food insecure could reach 2.3 million. Maize grain prices are 177 per cent above the 5-year average and 136 per cent up from last year. Due to drought and ongoing political-military tension (especially in Manica Province), 2,152 internally displaced persons have been registered and are currently being assisted by Mozambique’s National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC), COSACA and UNICEF.

Food Security Cluster partners have reached about 307,000 people with food assistance through various programmes, including food for assets, general food distribution, vouchers, school feeding and vegetable seed provision. WASH responses include water trucking, distribution of chlorine for water treatment, rehabilitation and construction of water points, hygiene promotion activities and installation of a community-based desalination plant; all reaching about 190,000 people. On nutrition, cluster members supported the treatment of 6,200 children with acute malnutrition; the Health Cluster has almost completed the in-patient health facility assessment in the 6 most drought–affected provinces and is strengthening the mobile brigades to provide comprehensive sexual and reproductive health services in remote areas of Sofala province - an area within Mozambique of especially high HIV prevalence. In WASH, 189,000 people have benefitted from access to safe water through the upgrading of existing water systems, water trucking and the distribution of household water treatment products. WASH and Nutrition behavior change interventions are being promoted through an integrated communication for development (C4D) plan with a focus on infant and young child feeding in emergencies and WASH-related messages.

The education sector supplied four school tents and 283 learner kits to Mossurize District to support the educational activities of 283 children displaced with their families due to the political/military conflict in Manica Province. The Protection Cluster is being reactivated to enable assessment of protection issues related to drought and current political-military tensions; and mainstream protection into the response. The Early Recovery Cluster provided technical and financial support to INGC and SETSAN in the food security assessment and is supporting the development of an INGC website on the drought. Food security partners have reached about 307,000 people with food assistance and seeds and are planning to assist approximately 687,000 people between October and November 2016, including school feeding. With the assistance planned by the Government, a total of 1,478,000 people will be reached between October and November 2016. Partners are also planning to assist people in need with WASH activities, nutrition services, health, education and protection programmes. Lack of funding is limiting the humanitarian response in Mozambique. The Humanitarian Country Team has only been able to mobilize 38 per cent of the required amount. There are also challenges around hydro-geological conditions, specifically decreasing aquifer water levels and worsening water quality (salinization). There are reports of insufficient seed availability in-country.

Access to some districts remains a challenge due to the prevailing security situation. Protection to vulnerable people, especially women and girls, remains a concern due to the sudden loss of support and reduction of access to basic services and exposure to violence due to political instability. As the harvests of the first agricultural season were poor especially in the Southern Region, food availability and food access (due to increased prices) remain challenges. This has also resulted in significant delays in acquiring and distributing food to those affected.

 

As of October 2016

 Fall Armyworm Outbreak

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