About OCHA Sudan
The humanitarian operation in Sudan is one of the largest in the world, targeting over 4.4 million Sudanese civilians in 2013.
Ten years after the current conflict in Darfur began, the situation there remains fragile, with a large proportion of Darfur’s population depending on food assistance. Conflict, both intertribal and between Government forces and armed movements, continues to displace civilians and hamper recovery and development. Security has improved in some areas, notably in West Darfur, but restrictions on the movement of aid workers persist in some areas, reducing the overall capacity to assess needs and deliver assistance to vulnerable people.
The humanitarian situation in South Kordofan and Blue Nile States has been evolving since conflict erupted between Government forces and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) in mid-2011. Fighting in these two states along the border with South Sudan continues to affect civilians and cause displacement. Humanitarian operations continue in some areas, but there are growing concerns about the impact of conflict on civilians, particularly in areas of active military operations and in inaccessible areas.
Following a peaceful referendum in January 2011, and the subsequent independence of South Sudan in July 2011, there were growing tensions between Sudan and South Sudan. This lead to a suspension of South Sudanese oil exports through Sudan in January 2012, followed by military confrontation along the border between the two states in March and April 2012. Since then, a number of agreements have been struck, including for the resumption of oil exports and the four freedoms agreement allowing citizens of both states to reside, move, acquire and dispose property. Issues as yet unresolved include border demarcation, and determination of the status of the Abyei Area.
The OCHA plan of action remains flexible and adaptive to the humanitarian needs in the country. OCHA maintains sub-offices in the five Darfur states as well as in South Kordofan and Abyei, and OCHA has requested approval to open an office in Blue Nile. OCHA staff in these sub-offices provide local coordination support to humanitarian organizations and liaison with the Government and peacekeeping missions. OCHA is leading a comprehensive process of contingency planning to ensure preparedness across a wide range of natural disasters and rapid on-set emergencies.
To fulfill its humanitarian mandate, OCHA is working with the two United Nations peacekeeping missions in Sudan: the United Nations – African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID) and the UN Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA). Both focus on the protection of civilians, security of humanitarian workers and creating an enabling environment for the delivery of humanitarian assistance. OCHA also works with all groups that are parties to conflict in Sudan to ensure humanitarian access and to promote humanitarian principles.
OCHA addresses and facilitates issues relating to coordination, communications and humanitarian financing, and serves the entire humanitarian community in Sudan. In doing this, OCHA works with the Sudanese Government Humanitarian Aid Commission and other Government counterparts. OCHA provides support to the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in Sudan.
The OCHA-facilitated Sudan Humanitarian Work Plan (HWP) is a key planning and resource mobilization tool for the humanitarian community. The HWP is set at US$1 billion for activities in 2013. OCHA also manages the Sudan Common Humanitarian Fund (CHF). So far in 2013, the CHF has allocated $61million to international and national humanitarian organizations across Sudan.