Humanitarian Coordination Structure
The humanitarian coordination structure in Sudan is composed of several interlinked coordination forums at strategic and operational level both at Khartoum and in the field, each tailor-made for its specific constituency. Information between these coordination forums is shared as appropriate in order to achieve a principled, timely and technically sound humanitarian response in Sudan. The Humanitarian Coordinator (HC), who liaises with national and local authorities, ensures that international humanitarian response is inclusive and well-coordinated. The HC leads the Humanitarian Coordination Team (HCT) and is supported by OCHA.
Humanitarian coordination forums in Sudan:
- Government of Sudan-UN-Donor-INGO Coordination - Khartoum
- United Nations Security Management Team (SMT) - Khartoum and field
- Humanitarian Coordination Team (HCT) - Khartoum
- Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) – Khartoum
- Area Humanitarian Coordination Team (AHCT) - field
- Area Inter-Sector Coordination Group (AISCG) - field
- INGO Forum - Khartoum
- HC - Donor Consultation Group (DCG) - Khartoum
- Ambassadorial Country Coordination Forum (CCF) - Khartoum
1. Government of Sudan-UN-Donor-INGO Coordination - Khartoum
This is the main forum for humanitarian coordination in Sudan between the Government of Sudan, the United Nations, donors and INGOs. It was set up in May 2012 and meets monthly. Meetings are chaired by the Commissioner General of the Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). The forum includes members of HAC, National Intelligence and Security Services, Military Intelligence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. For the UN the forum includes the Humanitarian Coordinator, OCHA and representatives of UN humanitarian agencies. Also the INGO Steering Committee and donors are represented, as well as the Sudanese Red Crescent Society and the Sudan Council of Voluntary Agencies. Meetings are held on a monthly basis.
2. The United Nations Security Management Team (SMT) – Khartoum and field
The SMT comprises representatives of United Nations agencies, funds and programmes operating in Sudan. The SMT advises and reports on all security-related matters across Sudan and is responsible for the safety and security of UN personnel and premises in the country. The SMT is also responsible for preparing the UN System Security Plan for Sudan. The SMT also provides advice and support to non-UN international organizations that request it. The SMT system is implemented at both Federal and State level.
3. Humanitarian Coordination Team (HCT) - Khartoum
The HCT comprises the heads of UN humanitarian agencies and INGOs, while ICRC and IFRC act as observers. When appropriate, other institutions and agencies may be invited to participate. The HCT under leadership of the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) functions as the highest country-level international humanitarian coordination platform. It provides strategic direction for humanitarian operations carried out by the UN and its partners in Sudan and ensures, where appropriate, links with recovery and development planning. The HCT’s objective is to ensure that the activities of humanitarian organisations are coordinated and that the humanitarian action in-country is principled, timely, effective and efficient and contributes to longer-term recovery. The overall purpose is to alleviate human suffering and protect the lives, livelihoods and dignity of populations in need. The HCT meets fortnightly and when needed in light of significant developments impacting humanitarian operations.
4. Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) - Khartoum
The ISCG consists of designated representatives of Sector Lead and Co-Lead agencies representing sectors and focal points for cross-cutting issues. The ISCG is the country-level operational coordination body implementing the overall humanitarian strategy set out by the HCT across sectors and ensures coherence.Currently, the humanitarian operation in Sudan comprises the following eleven sectors: 1) Coordination and Common Services; 2) Education; 3) Emergency Shelter / Non-Food Items, 4) Food Security and Livelihoods; 5) Health; 6) Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications; 7) Nutrition; 8) Protection; 9) Recovery, Return and Reintegration; 10) Refugee Multi-Sector; and 11) Water, Sanitation and Hygiene. The ISCG meets fortnightly and when needed in light of significant developments impacting humanitarian operations, alternating with the HCT meetings.
5. Area Humanitarian Coordination Team (AHCT) - field
The AHCT functions as a strategic coordination platform at State level. The AHCT comprises Sector Lead and Co-Lead organisations, designated I/NGO representatives, with ICRC and UNAMID/UNISFA as observers. The Objective of the AHCT is to agree on common strategic issues related to humanitarian action at the State level. This includes setting common objectives and priorities, developing strategic plans, agreeing on common policies related to humanitarian action at State level. The A/HCT raises issues of concern requiring strategic guidance and decision-making to the HCT. The A/HCT promotes adherence by organizations that undertake humanitarian action at State Level with humanitarian principles, principles of partnership, IASC guidelines, and implements policies and strategies adopted by the HCT. AHCT are held fortnightly.
6. Area Inter-Sector Coordination Group (AISCG) - field
The AISCG functions as an operational coordination platform at State level. The AISCG comprises Sector Lead and Co-Lead organisations, designated I/NGO representatives, with ICRC and UNAMID/UNISFA as observers. The Objective of the AISCG is to agree on common operational issues related to the implementation of humanitarian action at the State level. The AISCG raises issues of concern requiring operational guidance and decision-making to the ISCG. AISCG are held fortnightly.
7. INGO Forum - Khartoum
The INGO Forum is composed of international non-governmental organisations (INGOs) who are part of the humanitarian and development community working in Sudan. The INGO Forum has a membership of 70 INGOs operating in Sudan and is represented by a nine-member Steering Committee elected every six months.The INGO Forum facilitates communication, information-sharing and action among humanitarian and development INGOs based in Sudan. The INGO Forum also fosters communication and coordination between INGOs and a range of stakeholders, including national NGOs, the United Nations and other international organisations, the Government of Sudan and donors, to allow for more effective and efficient delivery of humanitarian assistance, recovery and development programming in Sudan. The INGO Forum meets monthly.
8. HC - Donor Consultation Group (DCG) – Khartoum
The DCG is composed of the HC with HCT member(s) relevant to the topic of discussion and donor agency heads. The DCG facilitates donor support to the humanitarian response through partnership on strategic issues and mobilizing support to meet the humanitarian objectives. The DCG meets fortnightly and when needed in light of significant developments impacting humanitarian operations.
9. Country Coordination Forum (CCF) in Khartoum
The CCF functions as a high-level humanitarian briefing for the diplomatic community in Sudan and is composed of the Ambassadors and the HC along with HCT member(s) relevant to the topic of the briefing. The CCF provides an update on issues affecting the humanitarian response, permitting Ambassadors to be better informed on the progress of work of the HCT. The CCF meets monthly.