Humanitarian needs in Sudan continue to be driven by a cycle of conflict, displacement and vulnerability. To meet these needs, the United Nations and its partners are appealing for $983 million to fund 364 projects across 13 sectors in 2013. This will allow for the provision of humanitarian assistance to 4.4 million people in Sudan. The majority of these people are in Darfur, where 3.4 million people, including 1.4 million people receiving food aid in camps, will require humanitarian assistance in 2013.
The estimated 695,000 people in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states who have either been displaced or severely affected by the ongoing conflict will also require humanitarian assistance. Other people in need include 142,000 refugees in Sudan, 45,000 people of South Sudanese origin who are at departure points in Khartoum, 38,000 people of Sudanese origin who have returned from South Sudan and some 40,000 returnees to the Abyei area.
The highest priority humanitarian needs among these people are food assistance, livelihoods opportunities, water, sanitation and health services, and protection of internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees and other vulnerable groups. Given these identified needs, the UN and its partners have endorsed the following three strategic priorities to guide humanitarian action in 2013:
- Contribute to timely and effective humanitarian response throughout Sudan.
- Promote and facilitate durable solutions, empowering people and communities by reducing aid dependence.
- Build capacity of national actors to address humanitarian needs in Sudan.
Each priority will be addressed through supporting activities that aim to improve the overall effectiveness of humanitarian action in line with the Transformative Agenda of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC). This includes efforts to improve needs assessments, to strengthen monitoring and reporting, and to ensure greater accountability to affected people and all humanitarian stakeholders. The 2013 work plan continues the trend away from the blanket distribution of food and non-food items towards other sectors that have a greater focus on longer-term assistance aimed at recovery and durable solutions. This trend has seen the work plan requirement for food assistance; non-food items and emergency shelter drop from 53 per cent of the total requirement in 2007 to 36 per cent in 2013. This means that over the same period, funding for other activities has increased from 47 per cent to 64 per cent of the total requirement. In 2013, this increased focus on promoting self-reliance and reducing aid dependency will continue, with programming that enables early recovery activities and facilitates durable solutions. There will also be an increased focus on strengthening the capacity of national actors and local communities to respond to needs and build resilience to future man-made or natural crises.
The number of people who need humanitarian assistance in 2013 remains at roughly the same level as in 2012, but it involves a decrease in the number of people in Darfur and an increase in the number of people in need in other parts of the country, including South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Overall funding requirements for 2013 are 8 per cent lower than in 2012, reflecting a rigorous project-selection process and a continuing effort to ensure more-focused humanitarian activities and better targeting of the most vulnerable. Throughout 2013, each sector will undertake regular monitoring of activities and outcomes, and will work closely with Government counterparts, donors and humanitarian partners to better analyze the impact of humanitarian activities in Sudan.
Requirements for 2013 by Sector
|Sector||$ Million||in %|
|Coordination and Common Services||20.64||2.1|
|Food Security and Livelihoods||407.42||41.4|
|Governance, Infrastructure and Economic Recovery||42.39||4.3|
|Logistics and Emergency Telecommunications||35.78||3.6|
|Non-Food Items & Emergency Shelter||26.11||2.7|
|Returns and Early Reintegration||23.41||2.4|
|Water, sanitation & hygiene||65.72||6.7|
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