Evaluating humanitarian response to major crises
The global humanitarian system classifies its response to the most severe, large-scale humanitarian crises as a level-three (L3) emergency response. This allows all parts of the humanitarian community to work closely together and have a common view on how to prioritize response activities.
Between 2013 and 2015, inter-agency humanitarian evaluations were conducted for three L3 emergencies: Super Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines, and the crises in the Central African Republic and South Sudan. The magnitude of humanitarian crises that took place during those years put a major strain on the humanitarian community, as the system’s capacity had never been tested this way before .
The video provides an overview of the situations that triggered the L3 emergency response declarations, and it tries to answer some critical questions: how relevant and effective were the responses? Were the expected results achieved? What was the level of engagement of national actors and Governments? And which areas need to be strengthened?
The evaluations conclude that despite tremendous logistical and security challenges, the humanitarian responses saved lives, reduced the effects of the crises on health and food security, and helped avert famine. But despite this success, there is room for improvement in areas such as the transition from meeting short-term needs and long-term programming to a strong and efficient recovery phase. Valuable lessons are also identified on how to work better with national actors, the Government and crisis-affected people.