Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination: Operations
As the UN focal point for humanitarian civil-military coordination (UN-CMCoord), OCHA ensures the appropriate and effective use of Military and Civil Defence Assets (MCDA) in disaster relief and humanitarian assistance operations. To do so, it must establish CMCoord mechanisms to facilitate interaction and cooperation at the field level, whilst upholding humanitarian principles and protecting humanitarian space in support of Humanitarian Coordinators (HC) and the mandate of OCHA.
OCHA assists in planning, identification, preparation and deployment of appropriately trained UN-CMCoord personnel. Deployable UN-CMCoord capacity takes two forms:
- Deployment in response to sudden onset humanitarian emergencies, triggered by natural disasters or in complex emergencies; and
- Dedicated position to an OCHA office or UN Mission.
UN-CMCoord Officer Deployment
The UN-CMCoord Officer Deployment Plan, utilizing a range of deployment options, is used to provide predictable and sustainable humanitarian civil-military coordination in the event of humanitarian emergencies. Accomplished using a phased deployment strategy, CMCS staff members, other OCHA staff, Stand–By Partners, externally contracted and consultant staff, all appropriately experienced and trained through the CMCS programme, provide short, medium and long term coverage.
Military and Civil Defence Assets (MCDA)
Global MCDA may be requested through the Civil-Military Coordination Section (CMCS) by a United Nations Agency or the Government of an affected country (usually through the UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator) when all other sources have proved to be insufficient, exhausted, or unavailable.
These assets are provided on a non-profit basis and are made available through the United Nations for international assistance. Assets are requested by CMCS through a 24-hour contact point system within UN Member States.