Coordination Structure

Humanitarian Country Team

The Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Country Team was officially transformed into the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) in March 2010 after endorsing the terms of reference (ToR) in line with the IASC Guidance Note.  The adopted ToR provide clear guidance on the function and scope of the HCT and extend membership to all head of UN humanitarian agencies, up to five non-governmental organizations (NGOs), including one representative from an umbrella national NGO (NANGO).  Donors join in the HCT meeting every other month while the Red Cross family are standing observers in all HCT meetings.

The HCT remains the highest level coordination body for humanitarian non-governmental community. It sets common objectives and priorities for humanitarian action in the country. The presence of donors and NGOs in HCT meetings have played a pivotal role in consolidating the views of the humanitarian community on issues related to the humanitarian reform process and consistently raising these at HCT meetings in a bid to improve overall effectiveness and partnership in aid delivery. OCHA acts as the secretariat of the HCT and supports the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) in all aspects related to HCT issues. 

Inter-Cluster Coordination

Nine active clusters operate in the country and meet on a monthly basis. The cluster leadership arrangements are as per the table below. Despite constraints in some clusters, the majority of the clusters significantly benefited from the presence of dedicated cluster coordinators, leading to better focused cluster coordination meetings, planning, monitoring, and information sharing.  However, some clusters are likely to lose this capacity in 2012 due to lack of funding.  OCHA convenes and chairs the Inter-Cluster Forum where joint inter- cluster issues are discussed.  Multi-Sector, LICI, Protection and Health Clusters did not have full time Cluster Coordinators in2011 and 2012.  The Health, WASH and Protection Clusters included the participation of the Red Cross movement and the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) family as observers. 

Nearly all clusters adopted the Strategic Advisory Group model first piloted by the WASH Cluster, which brings together five to ten active cluster members to assist the cluster in the development of draft policies, tools and guidance for final endorsement by the broad cluster membership.  Cluster-specific web pages on the Zimbabwe humanitarian website hosted by OCHA offer crucial assessment and monitoring data, including who/what/where databases for most Clusters. The LICI Cluster rolled out its activities to one province in 2011. This increased to 3 the number of clusters with a field presence. This includes WASH (operational in 5 provinces and Protection (operational in 1 province).  The cluster coordinators as part of the HCT played a crucial role in doing the initial review of projects submitted to both the ERF and CERF for possible funding. The cluster coordinators also coordinate the implementation of gender marker in humanitarian programming which was piloted in Zimbabwe in 2011 and rolled out in 2012.  Cross-cutting issues including gender, HIV/AIDS, environment and human rights, have been consistently highlighted in inter-cluster discussions and documents throughout the year. 

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